4.1 INTRODUCTION

4 DEVELOPMENT OF SMART TRANSPORT OBJECTIVES

4.1 INTRODUCTION

This chapter will draw together the findings of the previous chapters to summarise the expectations for network performance on and in the vicinity of, the Forth Road Bridge and the Forth Bridge. It will then set out the criteria for developing SMART objectives and outline the specific objectives identified for this study.

4.2 SUMMARY OF HIGH LEVEL EXPECTATIONS

Ministers have set out their overall aim for transport to promote economic growth, social inclusion, health and protection of the environment through a safe, integrated, effective and efficient transport system.

In order to fulfil this aim, the key priorities identified from current and developing policies broadly relate to:

  • improving journey times and connections;
  • reducing emissions;
  • improving quality, accessibility and affordability;
  • promoting modal shift;
  • promoting new technologies and cleaner fuels;
  • managing demand;
  • reducing the need to travel;
  • improving services for all transport users; and
  • enhancing movement of freight by non-road modes.

A review of relevant consultation has been undertaken, specifically that for the FETA LTS and SEStran RTS. This review identified a number of barriers to cross-Forth public transport, attributable primarily to a lack of direct services and their reliability, speed and cost. Top priority measures suggested included greater public transport investment, implementation of a multi-modal crossing and a requirement for implementing a queue management / tolling regime.

Transport problems in the SEStran region are perceived to originate from a lack of integration between land use and transport planning and between health and transport policies. The "school run" is considered to be a particular problem, together with a perceived lack of transport provision for disadvantaged groups. A requirement for greater investment in public transport infrastructure and increased public transport integration was identified, alongside a requirement to improve access to economic growth areas.

A review of the recommendations made within SEStran’s RTS identified the following specific conditions for the replacement of the Forth Road Bridge:

"any new crossing should be constructed to allow for future tram (and if possible heavy rail) use."

In the situation that an additional crossing is provided:

  • "the combination of old and new crossings should provide no more than two lanes in each direction available to single-occupant cars;
  • all new traffic lanes across the Forth need to be dedicated to buses and high occupancy vehicles (HOVs). Consideration will be given to the possibility of allowing HGVs to access these lanes;
  • separate running lanes for the mixed use of buses, HOVs and possibly HGVs should be considered, but as far as possible flexibility should be maintained to enable full vehicle carrying capacity for traffic during periods of Bridge maintenance; and
  • the promoter should be required to put in place a demand management and investment package that will seek to ensure that traffic in Edinburgh will remain at or below the levels that would have been forecast without an additional crossing."

Following consultations with the STPR stakeholder reference group the key recommendations from the group were that the FRCS be consistent with the Final NTS and Action Plans and the emerging RTS documents. In addition, the importance of providing a range of public transport options south of the crossing(s) was highlighted.

Following a review of current and developing policies and the outputs from the consultation undertaken in relation to the study area, objectives have therefore been set for the Forth Replacement Crossing Study. The criteria adopted for the development of objectives is summarised in the Sections below.

4.3 DEVELOPMENT OF SMART OBJECTIVES

Based on the Scottish Transport Appraisal Guidance (STAG), the goal should be to define a number of "SMART" objectives for the study. These should therefore be:

  • specific – the geographic area to which the target should apply should be readily understood and be clearly defined. A plan is required to define the area of application. Also, the wording of the target should be clear as to what the subject of the target is, the base against which any change is being compared and the units of change;
  • measurable – it is likely that changes in travel patterns will be the most readily available data source to use as a basis for any targets. A coherent monitoring strategy must be in place in order to measure progress with confidence in the results;
  • attainable – through wide stakeholder consultation, it is essential that an informed general consensus is reached on the desirability of meeting the stated targets and on their achievability and affordability;
  • relevant – the presentation of the target as a measure resulting from an analysis of school travel problems and local, regional and national transport objectives will assist in the development of relevant targets; and
  • time related – it is sensible to produce targets at regular intervals: 2012, 2017 and 2022. This provides a profile over this period, with an end date linking to the Scottish Executive’s aspirational national traffic stabilisation target.

4.4 PROJECT SPECIFIC TRANSPORT PLANNING OBJECTIVES

Within the context of the NTS and the NPFS, which set the policies, key transport goals and policies for the STPR, a number of specific transport planning objectives have been established for the Forth Replacement Crossing Study. The objectives complement the high-level expectations set out within regional and local planning and policy frameworks and those established through the consultation undertaken as part of the SEStran RTS and FETA LTS development. In addition, the objectives have been developed following consultation with the STPR key stakeholder / reference groups.

It should be noted that the key priorities identified from current and developing policies, as outlined within Section 4.2, are generic to the Scottish transport network as a whole. The following objectives have been identified for the Forth Replacement Crossing Study and are exclusive to the specific project brief for this commission:

  • maintain cross-Forth transport links for all modes to at least the level of service offered in 2006;
  • connect to the strategic transport network to aid optimisation of the network as a whole;
  • improve the reliability of journey times for all modes;
  • increase travel choices and improve integration across modes to encourage modal shift of people and goods;
  • improve accessibility and social inclusion;
  • minimise the impacts of maintenance on the effective operation of the transport network;
  • minimise the impact on people, the natural and cultural heritage of the Forth area; and
  • support sustainable development and economic growth.

It is considered that the above objectives are in line with the high level strategic outcomes identified within the NTS: to improve journey times and connections, to reduce emissions and to improve quality and accessibility and tackle affordability, as summarised within Table 4.1 below.

Table 4.1: Project Specific Transport Planning Objectives and Linkage to NTS Strategic Outcomes

Project Specific Transport Planning Objective

NTS Strategic Outcome

Improve journey times & connections

Reduce emissions

Improve quality and accessibility and tackle affordability

Maintain cross-Forth transport links for all modes to at least the level of service offered in 2006

?

   

Connect to the strategic transport network to aid optimisation of the network as a whole

?

 

?

Improve the reliability of journey times for all modes

?

   

Increase travel choices and improve integration across modes to encourage modal shift of people and goods

?

?

?

Improve accessibility and social inclusion

   

?

Minimise the impacts of maintenance on the effective operation of the transport network

?

 

?

Minimise the impact on people, the natural and cultural heritage of the Forth area

 

?

 

Support sustainable development and economic growth

?

   

It is considered that affordability is allowed for in a standard STAG appraisal and is therefore not considered as a specific objective for the Forth Replacement Crossing Study.

A one-day Inception Workshop for the Forth Replacement Crossing Study was held on 27 September 2006 with representatives of Transport Scotland, Jacobs and Faber Maunsell. Capital Value and Risk Limited (CVRL) were commissioned to act as an independent facilitator to manage the workshop. The high level expectations emerging from current and developing policies and action plans was discussed, together with the results of the consultation undertaken to inform the FETA LTS and SEStran RTS. Subsequently, the above objectives were generated at the workshop and presented and agreed at the Project Board Meeting held on 11 October 2006.

4.5 SUMMARY

This chapter has summarised the expectations for network performance on and in the vicinity of, the Forth Road Bridge and Forth Bridge. It has also outlined the criteria for developing SMART objectives and outlined the specific objectives identified for this study, which link back to the strategic outcomes of the NTS.

The SMART objectives can be summarised as follows.

Figure 4.1: SMART Objectives

image of Figure 4.1: SMART Objectives