Appendix A - Equality Impact Assessment and Test of Reasonableness - guidance for Project Teams

Appendix A - Equality Impact Assessment and Test of Reasonableness - guidance for Project Teams

Equality Impact Assessment (EqIA)

Equality Impact Assessment (EqIA) is all about considering how our activities, functions, projects, strategies, programmes, services or processes may impact, positively or negatively, on different sectors of the population in different ways.

In terms of good practice in road design, construction and operation, the Scottish Government's EqIA helps identify who these people may be and what specific needs they may have. If your work affects people in any way, you have a responsibility to make sure you know how it affects different groups of people. More than that, you have a statutory duty to consider and address the impact of your project on particular groups (disabled people, women and men and different ethnic groups). In addition to these statutory responsibilities the Scottish Government also has a commitment to promote equality in the areas of religion and belief, age and sexual orientation.

The Scottish Government's EqIA guidance and assessment tool is accessed through the following web link:

http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/People/Equality/18507/EQIAtool

It must be used in assessing the positive and negative impacts on disabled people in all new design, construction and operational works on the trunk road network to assist in avoiding, mitigating or providing compensatory measures to alleviate the impact where it is reasonable to do so, always remembering that we have a statutory duty (a) to be non-discriminatory in undertaking our functions and (b) to promote disability equality.

Removing Barriers from the Road Network

All new roads projects and improvements including maintenance and other renewal works must be designed to the Standards set out in this Good Practice Guide and opportunities to promote access for disabled people must be considered from the beginning of the design process for every new scheme. However, as Trunk Road Authority, Transport Scotland also has a statutory obligation to make reasonable adjustments to any existing restrictions or barriers that disabled people face in using the trunk road network. In this regard the existing trunk road network contains many features that impact upon the ability of disabled people to use the network to access services, employment or simply to reach their local shop independently.

To ensure that public resources are used effectively there is a requirement to subject proposals to remove existing barriers to a Test of Reasonableness. A methodology has been developed to establish what works would be considered "reasonable" to carry out and what works would not. The methodology is based on the Scottish Government's social, economic and environmental objectives and is as set out below.

Cost /Environmental Impact

High

Consult local Access Panel *

Consult local Access Panel *

Apply GPG standards

Medium

Consult local Access Panel *

Apply GPG standards

Apply GPG standards

Low

Apply GPG standards

Apply GPG standards

Apply GPG standards

Low

Medium

High

Social / Economic Benefit

Cost / Environmental Impact Social / Economic Benefit

High > £50,000 High > 100 users per day

Medium £10,000 - £50,000 Medium 50 - 100 users per day

Low £0 - £10,000 Low 0 - 50 users per day

* SDEF Access Panel Directory - see www.sdef.org.uk
Environmental Impact as defined in 'Scottish Transport Appraisal Guidance' (Scottish Government, 2008)
Assumes that 20% of users will be disabled (as per general population)