1. Data is available at a much more disaggregated level as well as in weight (tonnes), but only at a broader UK level. For such data see Trade Map (an interactive database of international trade flows covering 220 countries and territories and 5300 products of the Harmonized System, provided by the international trade centre).
2. Data included is HMRC Regional Trade Statistics for calendar year 2017.
3. How Scotland’s Transport Network Supports the Growth Sectors, Transport Scotland, 2016
4. IMF, Globalisation: A brief overview, https://www.imf.org/external/np/exr/ib/2008/053008
5. Excluding the rest of the UK.
6. HMRC RTS includes all merchandise trade within the scope of the UK’s OTS. It therefore excludes trade in services (e.g. banking, tourism) and intangibles (e.g. financial investments or transfers) and also the movement of goods between regions of the UK.
7. HMRC Regional Trade Statistics, Methodology, see https://www.uktradeinfo.com/Statistics/RTS/
8. Supply, Use and Analytical Input-Output (IO) Tables 1998-2015 (18 July 2018)
9. Note this includes oil and gas and is only for goods.
10. State of the Economy, June 2018
11. Digest of UK Energy Statistics (DUKES), July 2018
12. Visitors do not include rUK visitor holidays, but do include rUK citizens that are resident overseas. Further information on methodology can be found here
13. HMRC Regional Trade Statistics, Q2 2018 show that there was nearly £53 billion worth of trade in goods in Scotland in 2017. While it is unlikely that all of this would have “travelled”, we assume that trade was supported by the transport system in the country of origin and final destination.
14. Using the 2-digit standard international trade classifications (SITC), there are 98 commodity groups.
15. Major Scottish ports refer to the following: Aberdeen, Cairnryan, Clyde, Cromarty Firth, Dundee, Forth, Glensanda, Orkney, Peterhead, Stranraer and Sullom Voe. The 11 major ports are defined by Department for Transport (DfT) as regularly handling over 1 million tonnes per year
16. Supply and use tables (1998-2015) published July 2018
17. By weight 75.3% of freight was carried by road, 24.6% by boat and less than 0.1% by air (STS No. 36, 2017 edition)
18. STS, No. 36, 2017 edition, Chapter 8: Air transport
19. Ports are classed as major ports by the UK Department for Transport when they regularly handle over
1 million tonnes of freight per year. The total combined weight of freight lifted in Scotland in 2016 (excluding rail and pipeline) was approximately 271 million tonnes.
20. STS No. 36, 2017 edition, Chapter 9: Water Transport
21. Table 9.7, STS No. 36, 2017 edition
22. Table 9.6 (b), STS No. 36, 2017 edition
23. STS No. 36, 2017 edition, Chapters 3 &4: Road freight and network
24. STS No. 36, 2017 edition, Chapter 5: Road traffic
25. Table 3.7 STS, No. 36, 2017 edition
26. UK Domestic Road Freight Statistics, 2017
27. Dover Ports Statistics, 2017
28. See Scottish Transport Statistics 2017
29. Rail Freight Group, Facts and Figures
30. What is the Economic Contribution of Rail in Scotland?, TS & RDG Paper, Oxera, March 2016
31. During the equivalent period that had been a 16% reduction in the amount of freight carried through all of Scotland’s airports.
32. DfT (2018) UK Port Freight Statistics 2017: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/739789/port-freight-statistics-2017.pdf
38. HMRC RTS, Q2 2018
39. A75-A77 Freight Corridor, Scotland Travel Study report, March 2018
40. Scotch Whisky Exports Analysis 2017