Transport Scotland is monitoring public attitudes to transport and travel during the COVID-19 outbreak. We are doing this through a telephone survey carried out on our behalf with a representative sample of over 16s across Scotland. This information provides the key findings from the survey. This information is used to gain an understanding of the ways in which the COVID-19 pandemic is affecting current travel behaviour and intentions for future travel in Scotland. This information cannot be used to determine compliance with government guidance relating to non-essential travel in isolation. Police Scotland hold information in relation to penalty notices issued under emergency legislation. These findings are for the eleventh wave of the survey which took place from 2 - 8 December. The key findings are:
- The vast majority of people have left home at least once in the past 7 days (92%). This has been fairly consistent across all 11 waves.
- The main trip purposes continue to be to shop for groceries (89% leaving the house at least once) and outdoor exercise (74%). The prevalence of other journey types has remained fairly static through waves 7 - 11, though there has been a drop in people shopping for other things out with groceries from 42% at wave 9 to 32% at wave 11.
- 31% say they are travelling to work which is a decrease of seven percentage points at the previous wave.
- People continue to shop for groceries and other items less frequently (1-3 times a week) whereas they take part in outdoor exercise more frequently (4-7 times per week). For those travelling to work, the majority are doing so between 4-7 times a week; while for visit someone else’s house or to run errands for someone, this is done for the most part once a week.
- Private car or van remains the main mode of transport used across most trip purposes in the past 7 days, with walking or wheeling the other main mode used. For those travelling to work, 78% indicate that they are travelling by car or van; 9% have used active modes; while 12% have said that they used public transport. For taking children to school or nursery, 65% have used car, with 34% walking or wheeling, though base numbers are very small.
- Currently, people are more likely to: use contactless payments (60%); contact family and friends by phone, video call or texting apps (57%); use conference calls and video call to communicate with colleagues, customers and clients (56%); exercise outside the home by walking (55%); and shop closer to home (53%) compared to before restrictions were put in place.
- 50% of people are more likely to shop online to purchase products they would normally buy in-store; 25% are more likely to use home delivery for supermarket shopping more.
- 81% of respondents agreed that "The information and guidance on travel and transport restrictions issued by the Scottish Government has been clear".
- The vast majority of respondents (88%) state that they are following the regulations and guidance on travel and transport completely or nearly completely. 12% state they are less compliant.
- The majority of respondents (78%) have not travelled out with their local authority area. Of those who have, the main reasons have been for exceptions to the regulation not to travel such as to go to work (49%); essential shopping (14%); medical or dental appointments (10%); or to provide caring responsibilities (9%).
- For respondents in Level 4 and Level 3 who have travelled out with their Local Authority area, the majority have travelled to other Local Authorities in the same level, 68% and 64% respectively. There has been some travel from those in Level 4 and Level 3 areas to other Level areas but this is based on a very small number of cases (30).
- 55% of people had travelled in a car with someone else in the past seven days. Of those who did, the vast majority did so with someone from their own or extended household (95%). 9% did so with someone not from their own home or extended household.
- 85% agreed with the statement "I will wear a face covering if using public transport". This is a decrease of 8 percentage points from the previous wave. 90% of those who used public transport in the past 7 days said that they wore a face covering but this is based on a very small number of people (49).
- Concerns about using public transport remain high: 69% of people are very or fairly concerned about contracting or spreading the virus while using public transport; and 62% are very or fairly concerned about having enough space to observe physical distancing on public transport. This has been fairly consistent across the previous ten waves of the survey.
- 46% agree with the statement "I will avoid public transport and use my car or other vehicle more than I did before when restrictions on transport are lifted". This is an increase of five percentage points on the previous wave. The main reasons for avoiding public transport in rank order are the risk that others are still carrying the disease; convenience; unable to stay 1m apart; and cleanliness or hygiene on-board public transport.
- 65% of agree with the statement "I will go back to doing all of the things I did before including vacations and travel".
- 39% agree that they expect to work from home more often in the future, up three percentage points since wave ten.
- 62% agree that they will walk and cycle more, an increase of three percentage points from wave ten.
- 42% agree that they will travel less by air than before.