12 Summary and HIA-Specific
This HIA has identified the main effects on human health and
wellbeing that are likely to result from the proposed Forth
Replacement Crossing, based on currently available information on
the proposed scheme and its economic, transport and environmental
effects during construction and operation.
The assessment has acknowledged that, by providing an
alternative traffic route in the event of an eventual closure or
partial closure of the Forth Road Bridge, the proposed scheme would
prevent widespread socio-economic impacts which would otherwise
have adverse consequences for health and wellbeing.
The potential for positive and negative health effects have been
identified during construction and operation of the proposed
scheme. These are generally of negligible to minor magnitude.
Effects may be more likely in the areas close to the proposed new
road alignments to the north and south of the Main Crossing.
As described in this report, a wide range of mitigation measures
have been incorporated into the design of the proposed scheme
through the EIA process. Specific mitigation measures from the ES
which relate to the relevant health determinants are identified in
this report and were taken into account in the consideration of
health impacts. Measures will be put in place during construction
to ensure that any impacts are mitigated as far as practicable and
a dedicated Community Liaison Officer will be appointed by the
contractor to respond quickly to any concerns and complaints raised
by the local community.
The following additional mitigation measures have been
identified as a result of this HIA.
- When notifying communities of planned construction works as
required by the CoCP, the Contractor will provide information on
details of proposed air quality and noise monitoring and any other
- The Contractor will be required to demonstrate a commitment to
its wider social responsibilities, for example through
participation in the Considerate Constructor’s scheme.
Transport, Economics and Employment
- Transport Scotland will seek to create local training and
employment opportunities during construction.
- Secured by Design principles will be applied to the design
of temporary and permanent footpaths, cycle paths and underpasses
to ensure that people are not deterred from using either temporary
or permanent routes due to safety concerns.
Berglund, B., Lindvall,T., & Schwela,
D.H. (1999). Guidelines for Community Noise. World Health
Cave, B., Curtis,S., Aviles,M., and Coutts,A. (2001). Health
Impact Assessment for Regeneration Projects. Volume II Selected
evidence base. East London and City Health Action Zone.
City of Edinburgh Council (2008). Discussion Paper towards a
Joint Health Improvement Plan.
Department of Health (2004) At least Five A Week: Evidence on
the impact of physical activity and its relationship to health,
Department of Health.
Design Manual for Roads and Bridges, Volume 11 Section 3, Part 7
Douglas, I. (2005). Urban Greenspace and Mental Health. Prepared
for the UK MAB Urban Forum.
Edinburgh South-East Development Department (2003). A Walking
Strategy for Scotland, Consultation document.
FETA (2008). Feasibility Study for the Replacement or
Augmentation of the Main Cables.
Fife Council (2007), Population Estimates 2007.
Greater London Authority (2005). ‘Review of the London
Health Strategy High Level Indicators’. London Health
Greater London Authority (2006). The control of dust and
emissions from construction and demolition Best Practice
Health Development Agency (2004). Improving patient access to
health services: a national review and case studies of current
Health Scotland, MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit and
Institute of Occupational Medicine (2007). Health Impact Assessment
of Transport Initiatives – A Guide, NHS Health Scotland.
Jacobs Arup (2009a). Forth Replacement Crossing: Environmental
Jacobs Arup (2009b). Forth Replacement Crossing: DMRB Stage 3
Scheme Assessment Report.
Jacobs/Faber Maunsell/AECOM (2007). Forth Replacement Crossing
Study: Reports 1-5. Prepared on behalf of Transport Scotland.
Liverpool Public Health Observatory (2001). The Merseyside
Guidelines for Health Impact Assessment. Merseyside Health Impact
Assessment Steering Group. May 2001.
Jolanda Maas, Robert A Verheij, Peter P Groenewegen, Sjerp de
Vries, Peter Spreeuwenberg, (2006). Green space, urbanity and
health: how strong is the relation? Journal of Epidemiology and
Community Health, 587-592 pp.
National Statistics (2007). Annual Population Survey in Scotland
2007: A Compendium of Labour Market Statistics.
NHS Health Scotland Commentary on NICE Public Health Guidance 8
(2008). Promoting and creating built or natural environments that
encourage and support physical activity Summary 27 June 2008.
Physical Activity Task Force (2003). Let's Make Scotland More
Active: A strategy for physical activity.
Scotland’s Census Results Online (scrol) (2001). 2001
Census data. Available at: http://www.scotpho.org.uk/home/home.asp .
Scottish Household Survey (2007). http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications .
Scottish Executive (2002). Improving Health in Scotland - The
Scottish Government (2009). Scottish Index of Multiple
Scottish Government (2007). Better Health, Better Care: Action
Scottish Government (2008). Equally Well: Report of the
Ministerial task Force on Health Inequalities.
Scottish Government (2009). Labour Market Statistics. Accessed
07 August 2009. Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Labour-Market/ProfileFife
Scottish Government (2009). Household Survey Statistics http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statistics/16002 . Accessed 07 August 2009.
Scottish Public Health Observatory (2009). Active Travel.
Accessed 05 August 2009. Available at: http://www.scotpho.org.uk/home/Lifecircumstances/Physical_environment/physical_envt_data/physical_environment_active_travel.asp
Secured by Design (2009). Secured by Design Principles. Accessed
10 August 2009. Available at: http://www.securedbydesign.com/pdfs/SBD-principles.pdf
Sport England (2007). Active Design. Promoting opportunities for
sport and physical activity through good design. Supported by CABE,
DH & DCMS.
Sustainable Development Commission (2008). Health, Place and
Nature - How outdoor environments influence health and well-being:
a knowledge base.
Transport Scotland (2009a). Forth Replacement Crossing: Public
Exhibitions - Feedback and Outcomes Report.
Transport Scotland (2009b). Forth Replacement Crossing: Guidance
on the Parliamentary Process, Compulsory Purchase Process and
Compensation. Available at http://www.transportscotland.gov.uk/reports/road/frc-compulsory-purchase-guidance . Accessed 05 November 2009.
Transport Scotland (in press). Forth Replacement Crossing:
Consultation and Engagement Report.
UK Government Office for Science Foresight (2007). Tackling
World Health Organisation (2002).Noise and Health. Accessed 07
August 2009. Available at: http://www.euro.who.int/Noise .