Appendix B: Countermeasure Assessment

Appendix B: Countermeasure Assessment

Countermeasures were given a rating based on the confidence that the countermeasure would have been able to:

  • Avoid the collision entirely
  • Significantly reduce the severity of the collision (i.e reduce the fatality to at least serious injury)

The two aspects were assessed independently of each other and each given a score allowing a combined confidence score to be ascertained (See Table 2).

As both collison avoidance and severity reduction meet the aims of the countermeasure – that is to prevent the fatality – it is suitable to assess both together.

The following likelihood scale was used for countermeasure confidence:

  • 0 = Not Applicable
  • 1 = Possible
  • 2= Likely
  • 3 = Almost Certain
  • 4= Certain

This resulted in a combined score of between 1 and 8, with higher rankings indicating a higher level of overall confidence that the countermeasure would have been appropriate and effective.

Table 2: Countermeasure confidence and scoring
Example Countermeasure Countermeasure Confidence Collision Avoidance Countermeasure Confidence Severity Reduction Combined Confidence Score
Use of seatbelt 0 3 3
Better maintenance of vehicle consumables/features (brakes, tyres, lights etc.) 1 1 2
Advanced Emergency Braking System (AEBS) 4 4 8