Appendix A: Case study examples
This chapter presents case study examples for each of the
intervention types identified in Chapter 3. The case studies
presented here have been highlighted in research documents or by
road safety stakeholders contributing to this study, as being
effective or of potential interest.
The extent to which the case study interventions have been
evaluated varies. In a minority of cases evidence has been
collected regarding the impact on the number of young drivers
involved in collisions. Other evaluations have focused on the
number of young people found to be committing driving offences
before and after the intervention. More generally, a qualitative
evaluation has been undertaken focusing on feedback from
participants. It is important to note that positive feedback does
not mean that the intervention has been effective in reducing
collision rates. Other initiatives have yet to undergo any formal
A.2 Intervention Type A – Education and training for
younger children and pre-drivers
Crash Magnets (for pre-drivers)
Road Safety Scotland’s Crash Magnets39 resource and website for senior pupils aims to encourage
responsible attitudes to driving before they get behind the wheel.
The resource covers issues such as drink driving, speeding,
seatbelt use and mobile phone use.
The Crash Magnets resource comprises a DVD with five programmes
covering subjects such as; driver distraction, speed, the cruise
culture and drink and drug driving. It delves into the role of the
accident and emergency services and the harrowing aftermath of a
serious crash. Young people from across Scotland are Vox Pop
subjects in each programme, expressing opinions and talking about
their experiences. This encourages students to feel confident about
talking out in class about their opinions and experiences.
Additional teaching materials stretching to ten lessons are also
A qualitative evaluation of the initiative, undertaken by
Heriot-Watt University (2007) and based on feedback from
participants, found that Crash Magnets: lowered intentions to speed
in the future; lowered the acceptability of not wearing a
seat-belt, speeding and drink-driving; and improved attitudes
towards driving violations in general. Benefits were found to have
a long-term and short-term effect. The evaluation did not look at
actual impacts on collision rates.
Safe Drive Stay Alive (for pre-drivers)
Safe Drive Stay Alive is a hard hitting drama-based approach,
run by the emergency services in partnership with private and
public sector partners and delivered to young pre-drivers (aged 14
to 17) in some parts of Scotland.
The Safe Drive Stay Alive website40 describes the
intervention as follows: "As the drama unfolds and the emergency
services arrive on the scene, the faces on film literally step onto
stage. Pausing the film for a moment, they speak to the audience
about their experiences, the reactions of the driver and
passengers, the medical implications and how seeing such trauma
affects them personally. Until the end, the audience is unsure
which of the car's occupants will make it."
The Safe Drive Stay Alive project has been successful in
achieving a number of awards and accolades since its inception
(including a Prince Michael of Kent International Road Safety
Recent research, however, has raised concerns about the
effectiveness of hard hitting approaches in the medium to long
term, and has suggested that the emotional impact caused by these
types of initiatives means that they are doing more harm than
Driving Standards Agency (use of innovative
The DSA has made good use of Twitter and Facebook42,
both of which receive a large number of hits. The ‘I can't
wait to pass my driving test!’ page is regularly updated with
driving tips and advice about learning to drive. There is also a
discussion forum and links to YouTube. In January 2011, there were
approximately 5,500 members.
Learning to Drive support materials, produced by the DSA, are
available in a range of formats including books, CDs, computer
games, etc. Others have produced mobile phone downloads based on DSA material.
Road Safety Scotland’s Xbox initiative (use of
Road Safety Scotland’s Driver Behaviour Strategy aims to
reduce crashes involving younger drivers. According to media
experts, young people are unlikely to see advertising on
traditional media channels, preferring satellite television or
gaming consoles as evening entertainment. RSS therefore worked with
Microsoft to tap into the live gaming market, in an award winning
initiative. In a world first, Microsoft agreed to trial
geographical marketing within the XBox environment. RSS has
now run two campaigns, one on drink driving and one to support the
rural road distraction cinema advert. Using ISP addresses, RSS was
able to target only those with a Scottish-registered address and,
while users from across the world continued to see adverts from
global companies, Scottish gamers saw road safety adverts.
There has been no formal evaluation of the long term impact of
this approach, as yet, however the immediate short term impact has
been found to vary for under 21s and 21-25s.
A.3 Intervention Type B – Education, training and
testing for learner and novice drivers
DSA’s Learning to Drive programme
Following the Learning to Drive Consultation in 2008, the DSA has developed a Competency Framework, to be used as a basis for
driver training and assessment. The framework is based around five
key driving roles and 37 competency elements setting out the
standard of driving that a safe and responsible driver is expected
- Role 1: Preparing the car/light van and its occupants for the
- Role 2: Guiding and controlling the car/light van
- Role 3: Using the road in accordance with the Highway Code
- Role 4: Interacting appropriately with other road users,
- Role 5: Reviewing and adjusting driving behaviour over your
The Competency Framework forms the basis for driver training and
assessment improvements being implemented through the DSA’s Learning to Drive Programme. The five components of the
- The Theory Test Project - Since September 2009 a case
study component has been introduced to assess candidates'
understanding of driving theory, and holders of the Safe Road User
Qualification (SRUQ) have received a partial credit towards the
theory test and been able to sit an abridged theory test
- The Pre-Driver Project – The Safe Road User
Qualification (SRUQ) has been developed by the DSA and the
Scottish Qualifications Authority (SQA). It is aimed at 14-16 year
olds and comprises two forty hour modules covering knowledge and
attitude in relation to road use. The course is designed to be
taught in schools and colleges to pupils as part of, for example,
their Personal, Health and Social Education (PHSE). The course is
not compulsory so only a portion of school aged children will
- The Practical Test Project – The Learning to Drive
consultation acknowledged that the practical car test should focus
less on manoeuvres and more on general driving. The Practical Test
will be progressively strengthened over several years following
trials for the various proposed developments. From April 2010,
candidates have been given the choice of being accompanied by an
observer who would sit in on the practical test and would ensure
that the candidates get the most out of the post-test feedback.
Since October 2010, an assessment of competence to drive
independently has been introduced
- Modernising Driver Training Project – The DSA has
launched a trial to assess a proposed new learning to drive
syllabus and process (including an accompanying student workbook),
- The Post Test Project – The DSA is working with
employers and others to develop a post-test training and CPD qualification.
The DSA has also developed a tool to assess driver attitudes,
called the Attitude Advisor. The Attitude Advisor identifies
attitudes by asking drivers to give their reactions to 20 different
driving situations. The assessment then provides feedback which
highlights the respondent’s mix of safe and potentially risky
driving attitudes, allowing the driver to review and reflect upon
their own driving behaviour. The survey takes 15 to 20 minutes to
complete. There is no pass or fail outcome.
The prototype version of the Attitude Advisor was first
evaluated in a small scale trial in 2008. The results of the trial
were sufficiently encouraging to develop the tool further. A major
national trial of the next version of the Attitude Advisor, with
over 3000 participants is currently in progress. The results of the
trial will be used to validate and finalise the questionnaire and
to decide its future use.
The DSA, with the help of insurers and the driving instruction
industry, has developed Pass Plus. It is mainly aimed at new
drivers in the first year after passing their test. The six
training modules cover driving in different conditions: in town, in
all weathers, on rural roads, at night, on dual carriageways, and
on motorways. The course takes at least six hours to complete, with
the majority of this time spent in the car. The cost is in the
order of £150, depending on location.
Some local authorities in Scotland offer help with Pass Plus
course fees by giving a subsidy for those residents who complete
the Pass Plus programme. Fife was the first local authority to
offer such a reduction. To date, over 4,000 new drivers in Fife
have received training and a 27% reduction in collisions has been
To date, there has been no formal evaluation of the Pass Plus
initiative. In January 2010, however, the DSA commissioned research
on the development of the Pass-Plus scheme for newly qualified
drivers following concerns about its continued effectiveness.
Kirklees’ Enhanced Pass Plus scheme
Kirklees Council uses a ground breaking driver training strategy
to target high risk driver groups. Its subsidised Enhanced Pass
Plus scheme aims to reduce crash involvement by:
- increasing the drivers’ awareness of human factors that
affect driving performance and their particular impact on novice
- improving their ability to analyse near misses and
self-evaluate driving performance, thereby becoming self-improving,
- improving attitudes towards the driving task.
Kirklees has enhanced the DSA’s six modules with three
further enhancements. The scheme includes 8 hours of Pass Plus
training plus a discussion group for £56. The main
incentive for a novice driver is a reduced insurance premium.
Only 6% of the Kirklees Enhanced Pass Plus participants reported
being involved in a collision three months post-course, compared to
23% of the control group (which consisted of clients from the
standard pass plus scheme).
A formal evaluation of the scheme has been commissioned by the DSA, as part of wider research on the development of the Pass-Plus
scheme for newly qualified drivers.
Staffordshire Pass Pus Extra
Pass Plus Extra is a scheme providing drivers with the
opportunity of completing the DSA's Pass Plus scheme at a
subsidised rate. All applicants must attend a compulsory two-hour
interactive workshop to receive the subsidy.
At the time of the ‘Young Drivers Road Safety Audit’
of 2004 Staffordshire County Council was already subsidising
participation in the Pass Plus scheme, being amongst the first to
do so in England. In 2005 it was recognised that the Council were
missing an opportunity to get added ‘value for money’
from funding the scheme, so ways of increasing the benefit received
from providing the subsidy were investigated. As a result, the
Shropshire decided to develop a road safety-based workshop to
complement the scheme, which would provide the opportunity to
engage with young and newly qualified drivers at a time when they
would most benefit from road safety education.
The two-hour workshop was developed to be interactive and
encourage participation, but most importantly it focused on the key
areas where young drivers were most vulnerable. The aim was to
focus on behavioural and attitudinal issues such as peer pressure,
seat belt wearing and drink and drug driving, rather than
increasing pure driver knowledge such as road signs and so on.
Attendance at the workshop is compulsory, entitling the applicant
to receive the Pass Plus practical lessons for £60 or
The workshop has no PowerPoint content, unlike other enhanced
Pass Plus workshop schemes, although a few video clips are shown.
Instead, there are interactive tasks that have to be completed by
clients. All workshops have a maximum of 14 clients in attendance,
all working in pairs, so as not to pressurise any young driver
Following the initial evaluation of the workshop, changes were
made and a professionally produced pack was introduced. Several
packs have been sold to other road safety units around the country,
including Shropshire, Powys and Herefordshire.
The Institute of Advanced Motoring (IAM) has recently introduced Momentum, a 60 minute (home-based) online assessment and an
on-road driving assessment with a qualified examiner. The programme
costs £40 and is seen as an entry point to
subsequently taking the full IAM Advanced Test. It addresses high
risks such as rural roads, carrying passengers in the car,
night-time driving and bad weather.
A2om e-learning suite
Central Scotland and Fife Police are piloting an innovative and
free computer-based e-learning training package, developed by a2om
(and Dr Lisa Dorn). The package aims to influence attitudes and
behaviour, in an engaging and interactive manner. It is currently
offered to many schools in England, where it has been found to be
effective. It is aimed at pre-drivers, those learning to drive and
those wanting additional training.
The a2om e-learning suite is split into two sections: a2om
highway and a2om mind:
- a2om highway is a fully interactive, on-line learning
environment, which makes the theory of driving fun and stimulating.
It seeks to develop knowledge and challenge attitudes in relation
to driver behaviour, and
- a2om mind is designed to accelerate a new driver’s
ability to manage risk. Users are able to practise key skills that
will help them to identify and deal with all kinds of risky
The suite also includes mock DSA practical theory and hazard
The pilot is being funded by the Strategic Road Safety Group set
up to develop and implement Scotland's Road Safety Framework to
2020. The Group is chaired by Stewart Stevenson MSP and includes
health, police, fire and rescue, and Government
The e-learning suite will be offered to all 5th and 6th year
students in Fife, while schools in Central Scotland will continue
to receive training from road safety officers. The impact on
casualty numbers will be compared after two years. Professor Steve
Stradling is assisting the evaluation, to be led by Dr Paul
Broughton of Owl Research.
BTEC in Driving Science
Fife Road Safety Unit and a2om have also developed a BTEC in
Driving Science. This combines online learning with practical
in-car tuition and is equivalent in level to a GCSE. The course has
been developed in conjunction with leading universities including
the Driver Behaviour Centre at Cranfield University and has been
accredited by Edexcel. The Road Safety Unit is promoting the BTEC course through schools and colleges, and has also trained 26 local
driving instructors to enable them to promote and run the course
with their pupils. It is hoped that young people will take the
course while learning to drive.
A.4 Intervention Type C - Graduated driver licensing and
Graduated licensing in Northern Ireland43
Northern Ireland has operated a form of graduated licensing
since 1968, requiring newly-qualified drivers to carry an
‘R’ (Restricted) plate for one year, and limiting them
to a maximum speed of 45 miles per hour. The effect on road safety
has been inconclusive.
The only comprehensive study of the Northern Ireland scheme was
commissioned by the Department of Environment (Northern Ireland)
from Queen’s University, Belfast in 199244. A
random sample of drivers was contacted between June 1992 and March
1993. The original sample contained equal numbers of R drivers and
those with between two and five years experience. A follow up
survey was held a year later, between June 1993 and March 1994, and
questionnaires were sent to some of the original R drivers. The
results were published in October 1994. The survey found that the R
plates did not have any discernible effect on accident
However, the system was found to be popular with the public.
Ninety-six percent of all respondents were in favour of applying
restrictions to drivers during the period immediately after passing
the driving test; and the majority thought that newly qualified
drivers should be subject to special speed limits for a period of
The apparent popularity may be linked to widespread flouting of
the rules. Forty per cent of R drivers surveyed said that they
exceeded 45 mph occasionally or often on roads subject to a 30 mph.
limit, rising to 50% on single carriageway roads subject to a
national limit of 60 mph.
Concerns have been raised that the law prevents driving
instructors from teaching learners how to cope with the higher
speeds which many young drivers will travel at once they have
passed their test. Some young drivers have also reported that it
seems dangerous to travel slowly on major roads.
Driver deaths are 40% more common in Northern Ireland than in
the rest of the UK, notwithstanding these extra restrictions.
The authorities in Northern Ireland are currently considering
what amendments might be made to the graduated licensing
arrangements alongside reforms to driver training and testing. In
recent years, political uncertainty and variant views of different
ministers have prevented a public consultation on removing the
45mph restriction, but with added restrictions e.g. passengers,
alcohol. There are new plans for an open-ended consultation on
Graduated Licensing options in Spring 2011. This is likely to
consider options about removing the 45mph restriction again coupled
with other restrictions instead. However, there is and has been
some nervousness of removing the 45mph restriction when accidents
amongst young drivers remain high.
Austrian ‘Multiphase Education’
The Austrian multiphase programme started on 1 January, 2003 on
an obligatory basis.
Once drivers have passed the ‘first phase’ theory
and practical test, they must participate in three training modules
during the following year. If the novice driver fails to attend one
or more of these modules, he/she will receive an automatic warning
from the authorities, and within four months his/her licence will
The three training modules include:
- a feedback drive within 2 to 4 months consisting of two driving
sessions of 50 minutes each
- a one day road safety and psychological (attitude) education
event, within 3 to 9 months, and
- a second feedback drive within 6 to 12 months consisting of two
driving sessions of 50 minutes each.
The purpose of the feedback drives (on-road) is to train more
advanced skills than in the driving test: hazard perception, social
interaction, observing other road users and discussion of their
behaviour. Austria has a network of privately owned off-road
training centres where elements of the course can take place.
The post-licence period in Austria includes a probation period
of two years, during which novice drivers must not commit any
serious offences such as speeding, drunk driving, overtaking where
not allowed and driving through red lights. If this happens, the
driver must undergo a psychological examination and is subject to a
one year extension of his/her probation period.
During the first two years, the number of 18 and 19 year old car
drivers involved in accidents causing personal injury reduced by
11%; with a larger reduction reported for young male
drivers45. Between 2002 and 2006 a 30% reduction in road
casualties was recorded46.
The cost of completing the three training modules is
approximately â‚¬180, paid for by the novice
driver. Note, Austria has a system of compulsory private tuition
when learning to drive. This means it has always been expensive.
The number of compulsory lessons required pre-test was dropped to
help make the new approach more palatable.
A.5 Intervention Type D - Enforcement and restorative
Thames Valley Young Driver Scheme47
Thames Valley Police & Safer Roads Partnership pioneered the UK’s first driver offender rehabilitation scheme to target a
particular demographic group rather than defining groups based on
vehicle use or offending behaviour. Launched in April 2008, more
than 9,000 young drivers passed through the scheme within the first
The intervention takes the form of a group workshop and five
e-learning modules developed by a2om, on the basis of scientific
research. Participants have enforced ‘lock outs’
between modules ensuring a period of reflection. The modules
include pass/fail assessments to ensure the participant has engaged
with the learning material.
While there is a risk that offenders may ask a friend or family
member to complete the e-Learning sessions for them, evaluation
evidence shows that the Young Driver Scheme is proving to be nearly
60% more effective in reducing re-offending rates than issuing a
Fixed Penalty Notice.
One limitation is the requirement for access to a computer. This
may limit participation amongst those on low incomes in rural
areas, where library facilities or similar are not available, if
the approach was to be applied elsewhere.
A.6 Intervention Type E - Use of technology
Event data recorders
The European Commission may soon recommend that all European
vehicles be fitted with an event data recorder (EDR) that
monitors a vehicle's speed and the actions of its driver (including
use of brakes, horn and indicators), following a three-year study
called Project Veronica48 which investigated the
feasibility of EDRs to increase safety and responsibility on the
roads. The data could improve the ability of authorities and
insurance companies to reconstruct the events leading up to a crash
and consequently inform any legal action or insurance claims. There
is also a presumption that awareness of the EDR will keep drivers
honest and make them more risk averse, and hence safer. It is
likely, however, that it would be left to the member states to
decide whether to implement the recommendations.
Staffordshire Young Driver Coaching Programme –
GreenRoad Safety Center
A number of insurers have trialled the use of continuous data
recorders as part of a scheme to offer lower insurance premiums
to young people. One example is the Young Driver Coaching Programme
led by Staffordshire County Council.
The Young Driver Coaching Programme is a three way partnership
involving learner drivers, their parents, the driving instructor
and the road safety team.
A key feature of the programme is the installation of sensors
and a GPS unit to monitor how the driver is handling their car. Any
excessive manoeuvres which could be potentially dangerous, such as
harsh acceleration and braking, erratic cornering or any
combination of these are recognised and alerted to the driver via
the LCD panel.
As soon as a journey has ended, detailed information on every
inappropriate event is transmitted to a secure website where the
driver and their parents can log in and view a journey log.
The following package of incentives seeks to encourage young
drivers to install the units once they have passed their test:
- Use of the GreenRoad Safety Center costing £18 a
month (12 month contract) plus a £30 installation fee.
This price includes a subsidy from Staffordshire County Council
- A 25% discount on any Admiral car insurance policy relating to
the young driver, once the unit has been installed in the car
- The opportunity for the young driver to earn rewards worth over
£10 a month by driving green, funded by Admiral
- Additional driver training support from the Staffordshire
County Council Road Safety team.
Forty young drivers took part in the trial starting in April
2008. Overall drivers reduced the number of high-risk driving
manoeuvres by an average of 58%. The number of high-risk manoeuvres
while driving at night declined by 71%. Those drivers who started
the pilot in the highest risk group reduced the number of risky
manoeuvres by 65%.
Intelligent speed adaptation
Research commissioned by the DfT in 2008 confirmed that Intelligent Speed Adaptation has the potential to be an
attractive road safety feature for drivers who wish to use
it49. DfT will be working with motor manufacturers,
local authorities, road safety groups and others to consider how
future development of ISA technology should be
Alcohol ignition interlocks
Alcohol ignition interlocks are used in most parts of North
America and have been trialled in Australia. Programmes are
generally used for repeat offenders, either as an alternative to
disqualification or to follow a disqualification. They are also
widely used in Sweden. Early in 2009, approximately 750 offenders
drove a car with an alcolock built-in, and almost 40,000 alcolocks
had been installed in lorries, school buses, and taxis.
The DfT undertook research into the practicalities of an
alcolock-based judicial programme51, and concluded that
the costs of implementing and enforcing a scheme are likely to be
disproportionate52. There was also concerns that a
scheme might give those who could afford to take part the benefit
of a discounted disqualification without evidence that
participation achieves a long-term change in a drink driver’s
Technologies that make cars safer
The Vehicle Safety section of the RoSPA website53 provides a range of information about vehicle safety technology
including publications on Choosing Safer Vehicles (2002) and
Satellite Navigation (Sat Nav) Devices (2007).
First Car Magazine, winner of the Prince Michael International
Road Safety Award in 2008 provides young people with advice on
buying, owning and driving their first motor vehicle.
Safety Halls in Sweden
In Sweden young people attend safety hall events at which they
learn of the importance of safety features in the car. For example,
the importance of seat belts is illustrated by the experience of a
simulated crash on a seat belt sledge at a few miles per hour, and
the benefits of correctly adjusted headrest by a similar
experience. Overall, it has been demonstrated that knowledge and
attitudes have changed as a function of
McKenna (2010b) suggests that a key difficulty is in translating
the information into action, and that if a similar intervention is
introduced in the UK, measures should be in place to follow up this
knowledge with future action. This might include ensuring seat belt
use becomes a habit, getting young people to set the head rest in
the vehicle that they use, and ensuring that young people can use
websites providing information on the crashworthiness of vehicles
and identify suitably crashworthy vehicles given different
A.7 Intervention Type F – Encouragement and leadership,
including incentives and working with the private sector
Aviva ‘black box’ approach (insurance
Aviva trialled a ‘black box’ pay-as-you-go approach
based on higher rates for driving at night when the accident risk
is greatest, but found that the scheme was not economically viable.
They now issue guidance to parents instead.
‘The road to success - Our guide to teaching your child to
drive’ provides guidance on how to pick the best car for your
son or daughter; getting the most out of insurance; setting an
example; preparing for the road; mirrors, signal, manoeuvre;
listening to the experts; and creating a parent/young driver
Aviva report public downloads and have authorised Focus
Multimedia to include it in their learning to drive DVD pack sold
in W.H. Smiths etc. which sells in tens of thousands per year.
Aviva also encourages staff to e-mail it to customers adding young
drivers to their insurance policy. The company has also allowed a
couple of councils to print hard copies and dual brand for local
NFU Mutual parent-young driver agreements (insurance
NFU Mutual has a good long-term relationship with many of its
customers, and encourage families to enter into parent-young driver
Young Marmalade (insurance intervention)
Young Marmalade specialise in getting young people into safer,
new and nearly-new cars. They also offer driving lessons if
required and insurance at competitive rates.
Young Marmalade is a combined car purchase and insurance scheme
designed to keep young drivers safe. It enables them to get:
cheaper car insurance; a larger no claims bonus; and a new or
nearly new car with modern safety features such as airbags,
anti-lock braking systems, a high EuroNCAP safety rating and
stability control. Young drivers are also rewarded for undertaking
more driver training.
Young Marmalade controls the risks for the insurance company,
which means that the premiums for this sector are the lowest in the UK.
i-Kube incentivises young drivers to stay off the road when they
are more at risk of being involved in an accident - between 11pm
and 5am. i-Kube offers young drivers a discount on the standard
premium offered providing they agree to the installation of an
i-kube GPS device in their car and to limitations regarding driving
the vehicle between 11pm and 5am. They also claim to offer a Pass
Plus discount that is higher than many well known insurers; a claim
which seems to be supported by customer feedback comments on
various web-based forums.
If the vehicle is driven (by anyone) during 11pm and 5am, the
insurance is still valid, but a charge of £100 per
night is applied. The unit costs £249, which covers
annual monitoring and installation.
RoSPA’s Young Drivers At Work resource (for
The RoSPA Young Drivers At Work project was a two year project
run between 2008 and 2010. The project was conducted with support
from the DfT's road safety partnership grant and with the help of a
working group including the DfT, DSA, Buckinghamshire and
Lancashire County Councils, Birmingham City Council, Roadsafe, and
The first phase was a research project designed to get a better
understanding of the risks faced, and created, by young (17 to 24
years) drivers at work. The results were published in a report in
- 60% of employers surveyed felt that the current system of
driver training and testing was ‘not at all’ or
‘not very’ adequate for preparing young drivers to
drive for work
- Three-quarters of employers surveyed reported that their young
employees were driving in situations that were not covered by the
current learner test, for example driving at night or in icy
- More than half of employers surveyed would like to see a
post-test driving qualification introduced. Accident reduction and
compliance with health and safety legislation were the two main
reasons why employers would find post-test training useful
- Developing safer driver attitudes, driving in different
conditions, enhanced hazard perception, and motorway driving were
the top issues employers would like a post-test qualification to
- Employers preferred training for a post-test driving for work
qualification to take place during work time. They wanted the
qualification to be accredited to a national standard. Large-sized
companies and non-commercial organisations would have the capacity
to provide accredited driving training in-house. They could also
provide facilities for others if established as national assessment
- Employers are using probation periods and restrictions on what
young drivers can initially do, in order to structure their driving
for work experience.
Based on this research RoSPA developed a Young Drivers at Work
Workshop, which aims to:
- develop participants' knowledge about the specific issues to do
with driving for work
- help young at-work drivers understand how they can develop the
additional skills they need when driving for work, and,
- identify new ways that the employer can help their younger
drivers use the road safely, by understanding the influence that
they are having from the perspective of their young drivers.
To ensure the workshop can be used by as many people as
possible, an online toolkit is freely available at www.rospa.com/roadsafety/youngdriversatwork .
The workshop comprises several activities, each with its own set
of learning outcomes. An online Activity Guide sets out how
each activity is designed to run, with information about what the
facilitators and participants need to do at each stage, how long it
will take, equipment is needed.
The workshop takes between two and a half and three hours to
run, depending on the amount of discussion. It involves activities
relating to beliefs, attitudes and knowledge; what is different
with driving at work; what causes an accident at work; journey
planning; the vehicle; young person’s occupational road risk
policy; employer’ s activity; and scenarios.
Workshop Facilitator's Notes contain the practical
experiences learnt from running 12 pilot workshops. They provide
facilitator’s with an indication of the type of discussion
which emerged from the activities and how to guide discussions
towards the learning objectives for each session.
Grampian Police Road Safety Presentations (for
In Grampian, the oil industry has been proactive in raising
awareness of road safety issues amongst employees. Grampian Police
deliver a 1 hour PowerPoint-based training session to
RoSPAs Helping L Drivers website (for parents)
RoSPA has developed an online resource (www.helpingldrivers.com ) to help parents and carers
to ensure that learner drivers get the most benefit from their
The website includes links to various free resources aimed at
parents of learner drivers. These include:
- Helping Young People Learn To Drive - This small booklet
summarises the information which can be found on the website about
how best to supervise a learner during private practice. It also
covers issues, such as how to prepare a car and a route and what
happens after the test
- Safer Driving: Parents and Young Drivers - This give
facts and information about risks to young drivers and how you can
draw up an agreement between yourself and your son or daughter to
ensure that they are safe by adhering to certain conditions. It
includes an example agreement.
New driver evenings (for learners and parents)
Fife Police hold new driver evenings every fortnight and invite
parents to attend, along with young drivers. Most young drivers
bring one or two parents along, and the evenings typically attract
an audience of 40 to 50. Organisers report that excellent feedback
has been received from parents.
Staffordshire Young Driver Coaching Programme Resource
Pack (for learners and parents)
The Young Driver Coaching Programme Resource Pack (YDCP) was devised by Staffordshire County Council’s Road Safety
Unit and launched in August 2009. It consists of a learner
driver’s record book and a supervising driver’s
information guide. Both are intended to be used in conjunction with
an Approved Driving Instructor.
The driver’s record book is broken down into ten
key skills which the instructor dates and signs when in their
opinion the learner is ready to cover that skill in private
The supervising driver’s information guide is
divided into short colour-coded sections on specific skills ranging
from moving off, to hazards, and eco driving techniques.
An evaluation of the early months of the project was
commissioned by the Council’s Road Safety Unit58.
In the first four months of the project, seventeen families signed
up including eight male and nine female learners. The Resource Pack
helped to more effectively structure private practice sessions as
the driver’s record book gave parents a greater idea of their
Only one-quarter of potential ADIs agreed to participate in the
scheme. Some did not respond to approaches, others considered
themselves too busy. Some learners were prevented from
participating because they lacked a supervising driver or a
suitable car for private practice.
The enthusiasm of parents was crucial to the recruitment
process. Many parents were not interested in being responsible for
teaching their learner to drive, or were interested in supervising
but not in committing to the YDCP Resource Pack. Some parents
reported that the overall size and apparent demands of involvement
were a deterrent, but that, once involved, the scheme was
Cheshire’s ‘Going Solo’
Cheshire Safer Road Safety Partnership has produced ‘Going
Solo’, an on-line resource for parents of newly qualified
drivers. This highlights the risks facing young drivers and what
parents can do to reduce the risk. It also provides guidance to
parents on creating a Vehicle Access Agreement which allows parents
and newly qualified driver to clearly set out conditions in the
first 12-months for borrowing the family car, or for the newly
qualified driver driving their own car. A template is provided
which parents can download.
Fiat’s eco:Drive Initiative
Eco-driving involves driving in a way which reduces fuel
consumption and emissions. As part of the practical driving test
examines assess ability to drive in a way that shows eco-safe
driving techniques. Examiners provide feedback and guidance at the
end of the test, but candidates will not fail the test if they
don’t demonstrate eco-safe driving techniques.
The principles behind eco - driving – planning ahead;
preparing early for junctions, traffic lights and so on; and
maintaining a consistent and steady speed – are all measures
that make people safer drivers. They encourage drivers to be aware
of their surroundings and to drive smoothly. The techniques taught
in eco-driving training courses are similar to those taught in
advanced driving courses aimed specifically at making people
better, more aware, safer drivers.
Fiat’s eco:Drive initiative60 was developed as
a tool to involve drivers in a process of understanding, reviewing
and improving their driving performance over time. With eco:Drive,
drivers use a USB stick to record information from their
car’s inboard computer whilst driving, which is then analysed
on through the eco:Drive computer programme.s