MaaS Investment Fund - Mobility as a Service


The aim of the MaaS Investment Fund (MIF) is to test, in a practical application, the viability of MaaS in Scotland.

In its 2018 Programme for Government, the Scottish Government committed to a £2 million investment fund, over three years, to support the testing of the Mobility as a Service (MaaS) concept in Scotland.

A key MaaS concept is to provide people with easy, digital access to travel information so they can be better informed as to the different ways to undertake their journey. This includes solutions to gather personalised travel requirements into a single travel app, for example, or perhaps a service to allow unlimited access to multiple transport providers via a monthly user fee.

This supports the Scottish Government agenda for a healthier, more sustainable Scotland in that, through providing better and more comprehensive travel information, more people feel empowered to use alternative ways to travel, encouraging them out of cars and private car ownership, and so reducing carbon emissions.


The first round of applications closed in September 2019 with three projects awarded funding.

With just over £1 million remaining, the second and final round of the MaaS Investment Fund will continue to identify applications that will deliver MaaS solutions that best fit Scottish Government agendas and selected thematic areas.

Applications and ensuring project pilots must:

  • show a Minimum Viable Product (MVP) MaaS service / solution that can be applied within the realm of Scotland’s public transport (traditional, active or emerging) travel networks
  • be at a ready stage - the MVP should be in a competent state for progression, requiring minimal further development in order to be delivered within MIF timescales and maximise impact of the proposed pilot
  • provide evidenced based market / business research including expected impact(s)
  • outline risks and mitigations
  • provide a commercial strategy, demonstrating a sustainable business model, expected growth and/or development potential
  • be delivery focused, rather than pure research
  • have an identified location for your project within Scotland
  • address a challenge within the Scottish marketplace
  • demonstrate how the service / solution can be applied in current Scottish market conditions. It is expected that a co-creation approach, or similar, will have been taken and all relevant stakeholder group(s) been engaged. 
  • demonstrate that the proposed solution is compatible with, or working towards integration with, existing Scottish public transport smart technology infrastructure / specifications (for example cEMV, mobile and ITSO).

Scotland’s public transport networks include all traditional modes, active travel options as well as future / emerging mobility modes such as electric or connected autonomous vehicles.



The MaaS Investment Fund (MIF) can be accessed by public, private and/or third sector organisations looking to undertake a MaaS pilot in Scotland.

Conditions of funding are:

  • This is a competitive fund and each project will be evaluated against the outlined criteria and weighted accordingly
  • Successful applications achieving maximum points will be considered for up to 100% of their requested funding sought from the MIF.  Within the context of this fund ‘requested funding sought from MIF’ is defined as follows:
    • Total Projected Cost of MaaS Pilot
    • Less committed match funding from other sources
    • Less any revenue stream
  • Unmatched funding proposals will only be considered in relation to third sector applications and successful applications will only attract a maximum contribution from the fund of £20,000
  • Funding applications below £5,000 will not be considered for this fund
  • In-kind contributions and pre-development product or service research expenditure will not be covered by this fund
  • Limited product or service development in advance of testing/demonstration will be considered for funding where it can be shown that such developments are required to maximise impact of any pilot. These would include, but are not limited to, minor product evolutions to meet local requirements and limited user feedback/service design approaches to ensure maximum impact. Implementation, marketing and evaluation costs are also included
  • It is anticipated that funding will be awarded on an accruals basis, i.e. bidders will receive funding on presentation of paid invoices and provision of evidence in support of staffing costs. To note the Transport Scotland procurement process is payment within 10 days of receipt of invoices.

The £2 million MIF is available for distribution over three financial years, from 2019/20. However, the Scottish Government reserves the right to close the fund if and when the MIF allocation is expended.

How to apply

Applications for Round 1 of the MaaS Investment Fund closed in September 2019 and culminated in the award of three pilots.

Round 2 launched on 11 January 2021 and covers three thematic areas:

  • Rural, Island and Communities
  • Tackling Inequalities, Accessibility and Mobility Barriers, and
  • Urban Environments

It will also focus on mitigating COVID-19 impacts and continuing to address the overarching Government objectives of reducing carbon emissions and supporting sustainable and active travel.

Applicants must complete and submit the following core documentation, using the provided templates.

A. Application form (10%)
B. Business case (70%)
C. Project plan (10%)
D. Financial plan (10%)

Any applications that do not include the completed core documents, will not be progressed. Supplementary information can be supplied, however it will not be accepted in lieu of the core documentation.

When complete, please email the application form, business case, project plan, financial plan and any supporting documentation to

Closing date for applications is Friday 26 February 2021.

Stakeholder engagement

Transport Scotland has developed a working group with subject experts and the MaaS Scotland organisation to support this commitment. The working group’s aims are to:

  • support awareness and interest in the MaaS Investment Fund, shaping areas of expertise
  • align with the Scottish Government’s wider intelligent mobility goals
  • liaise with key stakeholders across Scotland to develop MaaS challenges with measurable deliverables.

In order to shape the MaaS Investment Fund (MIF), for Round 1, consultation workshops were held in Glasgow and Perth in May 2019, with a pre-interest registration process concluding on 29 May to assist those potentially interested in applying to the MIF.

While COVID-19 has meant that face to face workshops and meetings for Round 2 have been unable to proceed as planned, a virtual workshop was hosted by MaaS Scotland on 10 September 2020. The workshop provided an opportunity to introduce the new thematics areas and initial details on timelines and processes associated with Round 2.

MaaS Scotland will again be coordinating a Pre-Interest Registration process on behalf of Transport Scotland. This process will assist those interested in potentially applying to the MaaS Investment Fund when it launches early next year. The pre-registration process, which will run until end November, aims to simplify any future application to the Investment Fund, providing an opportunity for early engagement with Transport Scotland and assisting applicants with pre-assessment of their project, focusing on project readiness and expected impact.



HITRANS are working in partnership with IBI planning and engineering consultants, and Arcadis MaaS design consultants on a project delivering MaaS across the Highlands & Islands.

The project seeks to bring together journey planning, real time data, multi-modes of public, active and sharing transport, and ticket purchasing into one app and reduce the reliance on private car trips.

It has the potential to reach around 500,000 residents and 600,000 tourists across the region and was awarded £445,000 funding in December 2019.


Tactran will lead and work with digital partners to deliver the project.

The project has pilot locations agreed with NHS Tayside, Loch Lomond and the Trossachs National Park (LLTNP) and Dundee and Angus College.

It looks to run three pilots that bring together journey planning, real time data, multi-modes of public, active and sharing transport, facilities information, personalised booking and ticket purchasing with integrated rewards system in one app.

It has the potential to reach 120-140 patients of Perth Royal Infirmary per week, up to 4 million visitors to LLTNP per year and 23,000 college students and was awarded £550,000 funding in December 2019.

Dundee City Council

This project seeks to support people attending events in the Dundee area and will provide better information about public, shared and active travel options to venues, as well as improving travel ticketing options at the point of purchasing event tickets.

Funding for this project is being allocated following a co-creative approach developed as part of Round One, and as such has not depleted the remaining £1.05 million funding for Round Two of the investment fund.