8 Cultural Heritage
This section is also available in pdf format (123k)
This chapter considers the likely effects on cultural heritage
of the proposed upgrading and realignment of a section of the A82,
close to the Scheduled Monument Pulpit Rock. The assessment has
been carried out by CFA Archaeology Ltd, informed by information
provided by Historic Scotland and The West of Scotland Archaeology
Service (WoSAS) in response to request for Information.
Cultural Heritage resources are considered to include:
- World Heritage Sites;
- Scheduled Monuments and other archaeological features;
- Listed Buildings and other buildings of historic or
- Conservation Areas and other significant townscapes; and
- Historic Gardens and Designed Landscapes and other significant
Those resources relevant to this development are: Scheduled
Monuments and other archaeological features; Listed Buildings and
other buildings of historic or architectural value. There are no
Historic Garden and Designed Landscapes and other significant
historic landscapes; World Heritage Sites or Conservation areas
within the assessment area.
The specific objectives of this cultural heritage assessment are
- Identify the cultural heritage baseline within and in the
vicinity of the proposed development area;
- Assess the proposed development site in terms of its
archaeological and historic environment potential;
- Consider the potential and predicted effects of the
construction and operation of the proposed development on the
cultural heritage resources, within the context of relevant
legislation and policy guidelines;
- Propose measures, where appropriate, to mitigate any predicted
significant adverse effects.
There are a number of cultural heritage receptors within 1km of
the proposed development and Figure 8.1 – Cultural Heritage
Assets depicts the locations of those sites identified and
discussed throughout this chapter.
The assessment has drawn on guidance provided in DMRB Volume 11,
Section 3, Part 2 Cultural Heritage.
8.2 Approach and Methods
8.2.1 Planning and Legislative background
This section provides information on the legislative and
planning policy framework designed to protect cultural heritage
resources within the area, within which the proposed development
would be constructed.
220.127.116.11 Scottish Historic Environment Policy
Scotland’s historic environment contributes to the
Scottish Government’s strategic objectives, and the target of
improving the state of Scotland’s historic buildings,
monuments and environment is identified as a national indicator and
target under the National Performance Framework. The Scottish
Historic Environment Policy (SHEP) sets out Scottish
Minister’s policies for the historic environment, and
provides policy direction for Historic Scotland and a framework
that informs the day-to-day work of a range of organisations that
have a role and interest in managing Scotland’s historic
environment. Through the implementation of the SHEP, Scottish
Ministers seek to achieve three outcomes for Scotland’s
- That the historic environment is cared for, protected and
enhanced for the benefit of our own and future generations.
- To secure greater economic benefits from the historic
- That the people of Scotland and visitors to our country, value,
understand and enjoy the historic environment.
Cultural heritage resources include sites with statutory and
non-statutory designations, as defined in Scottish Planning Policy
(SPP): Planning and the Historic Environment.
Sites with statutory designations include:
- Scheduled Monuments.
- Listed Buildings
- Conservation Areas.
- Designated Wrecks.
Sites with non-statutory designations include:
- World Heritage Sites.
- Gardens and Designed Landscapes.
- Historic Battlefields.
- Other Historic Environment Interests.
18.104.22.168 Sites with Statutory Designations
Scheduled Ancient Monuments
Under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979
(1979 Act), the Scottish Ministers are required to compile and
maintain a schedule of monuments considered to be of national
importance. The consent of the Scottish Ministers is required
before any works are carried out which would have the effect of
demolishing, destroying, damaging, removing, repairing, altering,
adding to, flooding or covering up a Scheduled Monument. In
addition, impacts of proposed development works upon the setting of
a Scheduled Monument form an important consideration in the
granting or refusal of consent to conduct development works.
Under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas)
(Scotland) Act 1997 (1997 Act), the Scottish Ministers are required
to compile a list of buildings of special architectural or historic
interest. Such buildings are classified into Categories A, B and
C(S), in decreasing order of importance. Planning authorities and
the Scottish Ministers are required to have special regard for the
desirability of preserving of Listed Buildings and their settings,
and any features of special architectural or historic importance
they possess. Scottish Government policy and guidance is also
provided in SHEP and SPP.
22.214.171.124 Sites with Non-Statutory Designations
Other Historic Environment Interests
There is a range of other non-designated archaeological sites,
monuments and areas of historic interest, including battlefields,
historic landscapes, other gardens and designed landscapes,
woodlands and routes such as drove roads that do not have statutory
protection. Sites without statutory protection are curated by the
local planning authority and SPP and PAN 42 provide national
planning policy guidance and advice on the treatment of such
resources. SPP requires that planning authorities ensure that
development plans provide land use policy frameworks for the
protection, conservation and enhancement of the historic
environment within which any development impacts can be properly
assessed. PAN 42 indicates that the principle that should underlie
all planning decision-making is preservation of cultural resources
in situ, where possible and by record if destruction cannot be
avoided. It is recognised in the PAN that preservation may not
always be possible, and where damage is unavoidable various
mitigation measures may be proposed.
126.96.36.199 Structure Plan
Argyll and Bute Structure Plan (Approved November 2002) provides
a development strategy which, amongst other objectives, aims to
promote the safeguarding and enhancement of the historic
Policy STRAT DC 8 states that development which, by reason of
location, siting, scale, form, design or cumulative impact, damages
or undermines the key environmental features of a visually
contained or wider landscape or coastscape shall be treated as
‘non-sustainable’ and is contrary to this policy. In
Argyll and Bute important and vulnerable landscapes, out with the
National Park, include those associated with historic landscapes
and their settings and those with close links with archaeology and
built heritage and/or historic gardens and designed landscapes.
Policy STRAT DC 9 states that protection, conservation,
enhancement and positive management of the historic environment is
promoted. Development that damages or undermines the historic,
architectural or cultural qualities of the historic environment
will be resisted; particularly if it would affect a Scheduled
Monument or its setting, other recognised architectural site of
national or regional importance, Listed Building or its setting,
Conservation Area or Garden and Designed Landscape, (detailed
policy and proposals for the protection of the historic environment
are set out in the Local Plan).
188.8.131.52 Local Plan(s)
The current adopted local plan for the area is the
‘Adopted Dumbarton District Wide Local Plan’ (March
1999). However this is due to be replaced by the Loch Lomond and
Trossachs National Park Plan which is currently in its finalised
Policy BE13 of the Adopted Dumbarton District Wide Local Plan
‘Scheduled monuments, Industrial Archaeology and Sites of
Archaeological Significance’ states a presumption against
development which would destroy or adversely affect archaeological
The Loch Lomond and the Trossachs National Park Finalised Draft
Local Plan (February 2010_ provides the most up-to-date policy
guidance and the following policies are relevant to this
- Policy ENV23 The Wider Built Environment and Cultural Heritage
of the Park
Where applicable development proposals will be expected to
protect, conserve and/or enhance a building or feature of
architectural and/or historical merit or of cultural significance.
Buildings or features of merit which contribute positively to the
cultural heritage of the National Park should be retained and
incorporated in new developments where possible and any adverse
impacts of the development should be avoided or mitigated.
- Policy ENV25 Scheduled Monuments and Candidate Scheduled
Scheduled monuments and other identified
nationally important archaeological sites shall be preserved in
situ within and appropriate setting and development shall not be
permitted which adversely affects scheduled monuments or their
settings. The Park Authority, in consultation with its
archaeological advisors and Historic Scotland, will deal with
candidate sites for scheduling as if they were scheduled.
- Policy ENV26 Other Unscheduled Sites of Archaeological
Unscheduled archaeological heritage will be expected to be
retained, protected and preserved in situ in an appropriate
setting. This includes all significant sites, structures buildings,
landscapes and battlefields of archaeological or historical
interest. Where I can be demonstrated that the preservation of the
archaeological interest in situ is no possible, planning approval
will be conditional upon satisfactory compliance with a programme
of archaeological work, a written scheme of archaeological
investigation, archaeological protection, mitigation, monitoring,
post-excavation analysis and publication as required by the Park
- Policy ENV27 Sites with Unknown Archaeological Potential
In the case of development proposals on sites which are
considered to have significant archaeological potential the
developer will be required to submit details of the results of an
archaeological evaluation before determination of the planning
application. This is expected to establish the sensitivity of the
site to development. In cases where the preservation of the
archaeological interest in situ is not possible, planning approval
may be refused or may be conditional on satisfactory compliance
with an appropriate programme of archaeological mitigation to
include the full implementation of an agreed written scheme of
archaeological investigation, archaeological protection,
monitoring, post-excavation analysis and publication as required by
the Park Authority.
8.2.2 Assessing Significance
184.108.40.206 Assessment of importance of cultural heritage
Archaeological and built heritage sites and features represent a
non-renewable resource that are often fragile and suffer from
constant attrition, from both natural and human causes. The
relative importance of cultural heritage resources is summarised in
Table 8.1 - Importance of Cultural Heritage Resource
World Heritage Sites
Sites of schedulable quality
Category A Listed Buildings
Inventory status Gardens and Designed Landscapes
Outstanding Conservation Areas
Archaeological sites and areas of
distinctive regional importance
Category B Listed Buildings
Archaeological sites and areas of
Category C(S) Listed Buildings
Unlisted buildings and townscapes of some historic or
Archaeological sites whose
morphology, character and date are currently not
The importance of cultural heritage
resources are assessed to the criteria published in SHEP and SPP.
The main thresholds of archaeological importance defined by SPP are
sites of national importance, protected by statue, and sites with
non-statutory designations of regional and local
Sites of national importance comprise those sites protected by
scheduling under the 1979 Act, and sites of "schedulable quality".
Scheduling is an ongoing process and not all sites of "schedulable
quality" are currently scheduled.
Sites of regional and local importance are those that do not
merit scheduling, but which have significance within a regional or
local context. This may, for example, apply to their importance to
regional or local history, or they may be the only local example of
a monument type. A final category in Table 8.1 sites of lesser
importance, covers those archaeological or historic environment
features that are of little intrinsic cultural heritage value and
the find-spots of artefacts now removed.
8.2.3 Level of Impacts
Potential impacts on cultural heritage interest have been
assessed in the following categories:
- None: where no impacts is predicted
- Direct: where there would be a physical impact on a site caused
by the proposed development. Direct impacts tend to have permanent
and irreversible adverse effects upon cultural heritage remains.
They may be caused by a range of activities associated with the
construction and operation of the proposed development including
ground disturbance, vehicle movement, and soil and overburden
storage. Direct impacts are normally adverse, permanent and
- Indirect: where the setting of a site may be affected. Indirect
impacts may relate to new development reducing views to or from
cultural heritage features with important landscape settings, may
result from increased noise or vibration, or may cause increased
fragmentation of the historic landscape and the loss of connection
between its component parts. Indirect impacts can be adverse,
neutral or beneficial in effect.
- Uncertain: where there is a risk that the works may impinge on
a site, for example where it is not clear where the location or
boundaries of a site lie, or where the baseline condition of a site
cannot be established satisfactorily from desk-based assessment and
field survey alone, or where the precise nature of development
works is not known.
Impacts have been assessed in terms of their magnitude (Table
8.2) in the categories imperceptible, low, medium or high.
Table 8.2 - Definitions of magnitude of impact
Level of magnitude
Major impact fundamentally changing
the baseline condition of the receptor, leading to total or major
alteration of character or setting.
Moderate impact changing the
baseline condition of the receptor materially but not
fundamentally, leading to partial alteration of character or
Minor detectable impact which does
not alter the baseline conditions.
A very slight and barely
distinguishable change from the baseline conditions.
No discernible change to the
baseline condition of the character or setting of the
Table 8.3 combines these criteria to
provide an assessment of whether or not an impact is considered to
be significant as required by Environmental Impact Assessment
(Scotland) Regulations 1999.
Table 8.3 Assessment of significance of impact
Impacts on the settings of external receptors within 1km of the
proposed route were assessed.
The setting of a heritage structure, site or area is defined as
‘the immediate and extended environment that is part of, or
contributes to, its significance and distinctive character’
(International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) 2005).
Beyond the physical and visual aspects, the setting includes
interaction with the natural environment; past or present social or
spiritual practices, customs, traditional knowledge, use or
activities and other forms of intangible cultural heritage aspects
that created and form the space as well as the current and dynamic
cultural, social and economic context. In Historic Scotland’s
Scoping of Development Annex (2009) it notes that setting can be
important to the way in which historic structures or places are
understood, appreciated and experienced.
The Historic Scotland guidance (2009) notes that the setting of
a receptor could be affected by the introduction of new development
into its surroundings, even if that new development will not be
directly visible from the receptor. Such cases may arise, for
example, when both development and a highly sensitive receptor will
be caught in important views, vistas or prospects from somewhere
other than the receptor location.
8.2 Baseline Conditions
Three cultural heritage sites have been identified within the
assessment area (and are shown on Figures 8.1 - Cultural Heritage
Assets). Appendix 3 provides detailed information on the character
and baseline condition of each site.
The three archaeological and heritage sites are:-
- Two Scheduled Monuments, one of which is also a Listed
- One undesignated site of archaeological interest.
220.127.116.11 Desk-based assessment and consultations
Historic Scotland and West of Scotland Archaeology Service
(WoSAS) were consulted to gain professional opinion on the likely
effects of the proposed development. The results of the
consultation are summarised in Table 8.4.
Table 8.4 Cultural Heritage Consultations
Date of Response
22 March 2007
Noted that their response was
concentrated on Historic Scotland’s statutory remit at the
National Level for; Scheduled Monument; Listed Buildings; Historic
Gardens and Designed Landscapes.
Noted that details of historic environment resources of regional
or local importance need to be sought from the West of Scotland
Advised of the presence of one Scheduled Monument close to the
proposed road improvements: Pulpit Rock, preaching site, south of
Ardlui (index no. 10792).
Advised that no ground disturbance should take place within the
scheduled area, and if possible within a 20m zone out with the
scheduled area. A copy of the monument schedule showing the extent
of the area was supplied.
Supplied details of how best to protect this area during ground
Provided an interpretation of the setting of Pulpit Rock.
Noted that the retention of a similar (or greater) degree of
open aspect to the N and NE of the Pulpit Rock and the retention
(or alternative provision) of safe public access to the site would
be desirable in the final design.
West of Scotland Archaeology
5 July 2007
Noted that, aside from the Pulpit
Rock, they did not have any archaeological sites recorded in the
area that would be affected by the proposed upgrade
Noted that the Pulpit Rock was scheduled and that Historic
Scotland should be contacted regarding this site.
Noted that the proposed road improvements may have the potential
to disturb or destroy the Pulpit Rock and that the aim of any
assessment should be to minimise the impact of the development on
the monument and ensure its long term survival within an
Noted that, due to artificially high water levels, there is a
potential for unrecorded Crannogs to be present around the shores
of the Loch and that, consequently, any proposals to build out into
the loch could disturb or destroy such sites.
Recommended that any survey of the loch floor adjacent to Pulpit
Rock undertaken as part of the feasibility study should also
attempt to identify whether Crannogs are present below the current
4 October 2007
Provided SMR data as
Noted that the line of the Tarbet to Crianlarich Military Road
may be affected by the works.
Repeated concerns over the effect of the various proposals on
Repeated concerns about previously unrecorded Crannogs but
conceded that that the form of the land at this particular point
may be too steep for Crannogs to be present.
4 February 2010
Repeated concerns of the proximity
of the development to Pulpit Rock
Repeated concerns of the proximity of the development to the
Tarbet to Crianlarich Military Road
Repeated concerns about previously unrecorded Crannogs may be
present along the shore line of Loch Lomond, and although
acknowledge there is not a high potential for crannogs in the
immediate vicinity of the development, it is still recommended that
a survey of the loch floor should be carried out as part of the
22 February 2010
Stated that Historic Scotland had
nothing further to add to their 2007 consultation.
Up-to-date information was obtained
from appropriate sources on the locations and extents of recorded
cultural heritage sites within or close to the proposed development
Details of the locations and extents of Scheduled monuments,
Listed Buildings and Historic Gardens and Designed Landscapes
within 1km of the centreline of the road were obtained from
Historic Scotland (see Figures 8.1 - Cultural Heritage Assets).
Information on Conservation Areas and other historic townscape
designations was obtained from the Local Plan(s).
Information on non-designated sites within 200m of the
centreline of the road was obtained from the National Monuments
Record of Scotland (NMRS) and their online database Pastmap (www.pastmap.org).
The WoSAS Sites and Monuments Record (SMR) were also
Assessment was made of historic cartographic sources. and an
assessment was made of vertical aerial photographs collection held
by the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of
Scotland (RCAHMS). Sorties from 1947, 1950, 1971 and 1988 were
examined as part of this assessment, but provided no further
information relevant to this assessment.
Bibliographic references, such as the statistical account, were
consulted to provide background and historical information. No
attempt was made within the remit of this study to conduct detailed
A list of the sources consulted during the desk-based study is
presented in Section 10.8.
18.104.22.168 Reconnaissance Field Survey
Reconnaissance field survey was undertaken to assess the
baseline conditions of the sites, monuments and landscape features
identified by the desk-based assessment; to assess the settings of
key built heritage resources; and to assess the topography,
geomorphology and land use of the proposed development area to aid
the assessment of its archaeological potential.
22.214.171.124 Cultural Heritage Sites and Monuments
There is one scheduled monument within 250m of the proposed
route: Pulpit Rock preaching site (1). A second scheduled
monument, Island I Vow Castle and Settlement (2), is
situated c.1km from the development. Island I Vow Castle is also
protected as a listed building.
The NMRS and SMR contain records for both scheduled monuments,
together with one further site within 200m of the proposed
development - the Tarbet to Crianlarich Military Road
8.2.4 Character of cultural heritage baseline
126.96.36.199 Pulpit Rock
The preaching site known as Pulpit Rock (1) is a
Scheduled Monument. The scheduling incorporates the rock and a
level area to the immediate east within which the congregation
would have been gathered. Pulpit Rock became a preaching site after
locals, mainly shepherds, in the northern part of Arrochar parish
complained to the Rev Peter Proudfoot, their minister about the
eight-mile walk to and from their Sabbath devotions. The religious
services conducted at Pulpit Rock were not of any heretic nature
and did not need to be conducted in secret; there was, therefore,
no need for the congregation or minister to be able to disperse
rapidly from what were perfectly normal ceremonies. There are no
known associations with earlier religious observances.
The monument was sited here because of the natural rock
topography. The most direct access to Pulpit Rock is along a farm
track that runs south-eastwards from the A82 and across a pasture
field to which that track leads. In the past it is likely that
access to the site was gained along the military road (3)
and from the shores of Loch Lomond. The construction of the railway
line embankment in the nineteenth century has compromised the
landward setting, but the relatively open aspect towards the north
and north-east is still evident, although there are trees which
restrict the views at present. The present-day baseline setting of
Pulpit Rock includes the current A82. The preaching site at Pulpit
Rock was formed by quarrying in 1825, post-dating Caulfeild’s
Military Road, which dates from the mid-18th century.
188.8.131.52 The Castle on Island-I-Vow
The Castle on Island-I-Vow (2) is a Scheduled Monument
and a Category B Listed Building. The site’s Scheduled
designation takes precedence in terms of the level of protection it
is accorded. Its baseline setting is provided by Loch Lomond and
the existing A82. The road improvements would be carried out on a
stretch of the A82 around 1km to the north-west of the island. A
slight promontory, known as Rubha Ban would lie between the island
and the zone of road improvements.
184.108.40.206 Tarbet to Crianlarich Military Road
The Tarbet to Crianlarich Military Road (3) was
constructed in the mid-18th century and follows the line shown on
Figure 8.1 - Cultural Heritage Assets. Reconnaissance survey
revealed that it survives as a terrace and causeway c.5m wide, as
described in the WoSAS SMR for the stretch between NN 3257 1360 and
NN 3231 1393.
220.127.116.11 Archaeological Potential of the Study Area
On the loch side of the road the ground mostly drops away
sharply down to the water edge which has been reinforced in places
with rip-rap protection. The covering vegetation is naturally
seeded birch and scrub undergrowth. On the landward side of the
road at the south-eastern end of the proposed improvements the
landform is dominated by a flat topped hill with steep sides down
to the road. The slopes of the hill are covered with naturally
seeded birch trees. The area around the Pulpit Rock is a flat
poorly drained area of rough grazing with a broad poorly drained
verge between the enclosed area and the current road line. The
hydrographic survey adjacent to the proposed improvements indicates
that the loch side slopes steeply downwards and hence would have
been unsuitable for the construction of crannogs. The
archaeological potential of the area within which the road
improvement scheme would be located is, therefore, considered to be
8.3 Predicted Impacts
Cultural heritage issues that might arise from the road
improvements would potentially relate to the known sites, which
include two Scheduled Monuments (one of which is also a Listed
Building), an undesignated site, and to the potential to discover
hitherto unrecorded archaeological remains.
Using the assessment criteria detailed in section 8.2.3, Table
8.5 lists the predicted effects of the proposed development on the
cultural heritage sites identified within the proposed development
Table 8.5 - Predicted effects on Cultural Heritage
Significance of effect
Pulpit Rock, preaching site, south
Island I Vow, Castle and Settlement,
Tarbet to Crianlarich Military
No direct effects are predicted to occur on identified cultural
heritage assets as a result of the construction of the proposed
Historic Scotland had requested that there should be no ground
disturbance within a 20m zone outside the scheduled area of Pulpit
Rock (1) if at all possible. The turning head of the grasscrete
maintenance track (Figure 2.2) would lie approximately 18m from the
boundary of the scheduled area. It is considered that the presence
of this sole development feature approximately 2m inside the
requested exclusion does not go against the spirit of Historic
Scotland’s requested exclusion. Ground disturbing activities
at construction locations have the potential to cause a direct
impact on any currently unidentified archaeological remains present
at these locations. The likelihood of such archaeological remains
being present is considered to be low and significant effects are
considered unlikely to arise.
No indirect effects are predicted to occur on identified
cultural heritage assets as a result of the construction of the
proposed road improvements.
8.3.2 Operational Effects
Pulpit Rock (1) Scheduled Monument lies to the west of
the proposed development, between the existing A82 and the railway
line. As Historic Scotland noted in their 2007 consultation
response, the construction of the 19th century railway line
embankment has compromised the landward setting, but the relatively
open aspect towards the north and north-east is still evident,
although there are trees which restrict the views at present. The
present-day baseline setting of Pulpit Rock includes the current
A82. The preaching site at Pulpit Rock was formed by quarrying in
1825, post-dating Caulfeild’s Military Road, which dates from
the mid-18th century. Thus, there has always been a road between
Pulpit Rock and Loch Lomond. When in use, the focus of the preacher
would have been on the congregation on the flat ground immediately
to his east and the focus of the congregation would have been on
the preacher in the pulpit to their west. The line of the proposed
scheme as it passes in front of Pulpit Rock (1) would follow
broadly the same alignment as the current A82, and, although more
extensive embankments would be visible from the Rock, they would
not encroach upon the enclosed land area in which the Rock is
located. A grasscrete maintenance access track would run southwards
from the A82 to a point approximately 18m to the north-east of
Pulpit Rock (Figure 2.2). Grasscrete is a cellular grassed paving
system in concrete and the track would not, therefore, form an
appreciable change to the baseline setting of the site. To the
immediate southeast of the Rock there would be some cutting back
into the rock face of the promontory, but this would not
significantly open up the enclosed landscape around the Rock. The
viaduct structure would not be visible from the Rock. It is,
therefore, considered that the development would not cause a
significant change to the setting of Pulpit Rock.
Historic Scotland requested (in their consultation response
22/03/07) that the ‘retention of safe public access to the
site should be treated as extremely desirable objectives’.
There is currently no maintained public footpath to the site. The
most direct access to Pulpit Rock is along a farm track that runs
south-eastwards from the A82 and across the pasture field to which
that track leads. The proposed upgrade to the existing road would
have no effect on the existing means of accessing the site.
No effect has been predicted on Island I Vow Scheduled Monument,
Castle and settlement (2). Its baseline setting is provided
by Loch Lomond and the existing A82. The road improvements would be
carried out on a stretch of the A82 around 1km to the north-west of
the island. A slight promontory, known as Rubha Ban (Figure 8.1
– Cultural Heritage Assets) would lie between the island and
the zone of road improvements. Thus, the proposed road improvements
would not have an effect on the setting of this site.
The development would not have an effect on the cultural
heritage resource that has been recorded in the area and the
archaeological potential of the landtake for the development is
considered to be low. It is, therefore, recommended that no further
work need be carried out in advance of development. However, any
archaeological mitigation work that was considered appropriate
would be presented in a Written Scheme of Investigation (WSI),
drawn up in consultation with the West of Scotland Council
Archaeologist (WoSAS) and presented for approval by the planning
authority. The mitigation works would be carried out at an
appropriate stage in the development works programme, as agreed
with the WoSAS archaeologist.
Identified cultural heritage features should be avoided by the
development. If required, written guidelines would be issued for
use by all construction contractors, outlining the need to avoid
causing unnecessary damage to known archaeological sites. Those
guidelines would contain arrangements for calling upon retained
professional archaeological support in the event that buried
archaeological remains of potential archaeological interest were
discovered in areas not subject to archaeological monitoring. The
guidance would make clear the legal responsibilities placed upon
those who disturb artefacts or human remains.
Pulpit Rock (1) is a Scheduled Monument. The scheduled
area must be avoided by the proposed development and associated
construction traffic and construction compounds. Therefore, the
site would be protected by fencing during construction work; the
course and nature of that fencing should be agreed with Historic
Scotland prior to construction.
8.5 Residual Impacts
No significant residual effects in relation to cultural heritage
interests would arise from the construction and operation of the
road improvement scheme.
Three sites of archaeological significance have been identified
by the assessment, using a range of desk-based sources,
consultations and a field study. The sites include Pulpit Rock
(1) a place of worship, Island I Vow castle and settlement
(2) and a military road (3). It is possible that
additional buried remains of archaeological significance survive
along the line of the proposed road, although it is considered here
that the likelihood of encountering such remains is low.
The development proposals have been assessed against the
cultural heritage baseline. No sites are predicted to be directly
affected by the development.
No significant residual effects are anticipated in relation to
cultural heritage interests and the development proposals are
considered to conform to the aims of national, regional and local
planning policy as regards cultural heritage.
- Freeman, J 2002 Parish revival to be built on foundation of
Pulpit Rock, The Herald 31 may 2002 (http://www.cadder.demon.co.uk/arrochar/story)
- Gillespie, J Account of 1791-99 vol.3 p.430 : Arrochar, County
- International Council on Monuments and Sites (2005) Xi’an
Declaration on the Conservation of the Setting of Heritage
Structures, Sites and Areas, adopted in Xi’an, China by the
15th General Assembly of ICOMOS (2005)
- Historic Scotland (2009) Assessment of Impact on the Setting of
the Historic Environment Resource – Some General
Considerations, Scoping of Development Proposals, Annex
- Historic Scotland (2009); Scottish Historic Environment
Policy (SHEP). Historic Scotland, Edinburgh
- Historic Scotland (1987) (Updated 2007); An Inventory of
Gardens and Designed Landscapes in Scotland. Historic Scotland,
- Proudfoot, P Account of 1834-45 vol.8 p.94 : Arrochar, County
- Scottish Government (2010); Scottish Planning Policy
(SPP). Scottish Government, Edinburgh.
- UK Government (1979); Ancient Monuments and Archaeological
Areas Act 1979. Her Majesty’s Stationary Office, London
- UK Government (1997); Planning (Listed Buildings and
Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997. Her Majesty’s
Stationary Office, London
- Langlands, G 1801 This map of Argyllshire
- Ordnance Survey 1864 Perthshire Sheet II six inch to one
- Ordnance Survey 1865 Dumbartonshire Sheet IV six inch to one
- Ordnance Survey 1899 Dumbartonshire Sheet IV six inch to one
- Ordnance Survey 1899 Dumbartonshire Sheet IV N.W six inch to
- Ordnance Survey 1899 Dumbartonshire Sheet IV S.W and
Stirlingshire Part of Sheet 1 six inch to one mile
- Ordnance Survey 1923 Dumbartonshire Sheet NIV, Stirlingshire
Sheet NII, Argyllshire part of sheets CXVI, CXV, CXXVII & CXXXV
and Perthshire part of sheets CXII six inch to one mile
- Roy, W 1747 – 55 Military Survey of Scotland.
- Thomson, J 1832 Atlas of Scotland, northern part of Argyll
Shire, Southern Part