3 General Site Operations
3.1.1 To design and construct the project having regard to the
safety and security of the public and construction staff and to
mitigate the impact of general site operations and construction
activities on the environment.
3.2.1 As explained in Section 1.5 of this CoCP it is the
contractor’s responsibility to comply with all legislative
requirements applicable at the time of construction.
3.2.2 The contractor will operate a health and safety management
system in accordance with BS OHSAS 18001 Occupational Health and
Safety Management Systems.
3.2.3 There are a number of activities that could give rise to
specific safety issues for the public or construction staff. The
contractor will have to consider these and other issues in the
design and construction of the Project, including, for example:
- Working adjacent to built-up areas.
- Working in, over or adjacent to watercourses including the
Firth of Forth.
- Working on or adjacent to public roads, footpaths or cycle
tracks or in proximity to live traffic.
- Working over or adjacent to railways.
- Working in proximity to Edinburgh Airport.
- Working at height.
- Using explosives.
- Undertaking electrical works.
- Working over or adjacent to, or diverting Statutory
- Excavations in areas affected by ground gas.
- Handling contaminated materials.
3.2.4 Health and safety legislation, such as the Construction
(Design and Management) Regulations 2007, requires the contractor
to prepare a Construction Phase Health and Safety Plan prior to
construction works commencing. The detailed requirements of the
Plan are set out in the relevant legislation, but in summary it
must ensure that adequate arrangements and welfare facilities are
in place to cover:
- the safety of construction staff;
- the safety of all other people working at or visiting the
- the protection of the public in the vicinity of the
construction site; and
- overall compliance with health and safety legislation, approved
codes of practice and industry best practice.
3.2.5 In accordance with the Management of Health and Safety at
Work Act 1999 (as amended) the contractor will ensure that
emergency procedures are in place and that appropriate training and
information is provided to personnel at the construction site
regarding these procedures.
3.2.6 In accordance with the Construction (Design and
Management) Regulations 2007, construction works will only be
permitted to commence if there are there are suitable welfare
facilities and a Construction Phase Health and Safety Plan in
3.2.7 Where plans and procedures required by this CoCP involve
other organisations such as the Health and Safety Executive,
emergency services, local authorities or other statutory bodies,
the contractor will consult with them regarding the plans and
procedures being put in place and provide copies of the relevant
plans and procedures.
3.2.8 Information regarding emergency contacts and procedures
contained in the Construction Phase Health and Safety Plan and
Pollution Incident Response Plan (refer to Section 14) will be made
available on the information website described in Section 2.3.1 of
this CoCP. Emergency contact for the public will be through the
enquiries and complaints procedure with this information
communicated in accordance with the procedures also described in
Section 2.3.1 and on information boards in accordance with Section
3.6 of this CoCP.
3.2.9 Examples of additional relevant health and safety
legislation is listed in Section 3.13 of this CoCP, and further to
these legislative requirements, the contractor will comply with the
byelaws and operational requirements of the relevant road,
navigation, harbour, rail and airport authorities when undertaking
construction works, unless otherwise agreed with the
Employer’s Representative and the relevant authority.
3.2.10 The contractor will provide a full-time construction
Health and Safety Manager as part of their resident site management
team who will manage the health and safety aspects of the project
3.3 Area Management Plan
3.3.1 As explained in Section 1.7 of this CoCP, the
contractor’s EMP will include an Area Management Plan for the
construction works and the contractor will appoint a Site
Operations Manager who will be responsible for implementing the
procedures in the plan. The Area Management Plan will be the
overarching plan for the construction works and will include
details of the following, as appropriate:
- The contractor’s management team and structure.
- Working hours.
- Construction site layout and appearance, including site
- Fencing and hoarding.
- Use of artificial lighting.
- Requirements associated with living accommodation.
- Pest control procedures.
- Site security procedures.
- Requirements for clearance of the construction site on
completion of the construction works.
- Sustainability procedures to be implemented.
- Reference to the specific management plans to be prepared
including the persons responsible for ensuring they are
3.3.2 Notification of the intended commencement of the works
will be provided to the relevant local planning authorities in
accordance with the requirements of Sections 27A to 27C of the Town
and Country Planning (Scotland) Act 1997 which were inserted by
section 6(1) of the Planning etc. (Scotland) Act 2006. Notification
of the completion of construction works will also be provided.
3.4 Working Hours
3.4.1 Normal working hours for the road building sections of the
works will be Monday to Saturday 0800 to 1900 hours with a 30
minutes start-up time prior to 0800 hours. The contractor will be
permitted within the start-up time to allow staff to arrive at the
site, prepare for the construction works and travel to their
designated work area on site. Heavy plant and machinery will not be
started within the start-up period or construction works undertaken
within this period for the purposes of undertaking road
construction works or so as to cause disturbance beyond the site
3.4.2 Where it is demonstrated by the contractor that an
extension to the normal working hours is necessary, these may be
extended to commence at 0700 hours subject to the approval of the
Employer’s Representative and the relevant local authority,
with the local authority’s approval being provided through
the Noise Liaison Group referred to in Section 5 of this CoCP. The
contractor will be required to provide such information as may be
considered necessary by the Noise Liaison Group if an extension to
the normal working hours is sought.
3.4.3 Normal working hours for the construction of the main
crossing will be Monday to Saturday 0700 to 1900 hours with a 30
minutes start-up time between 0700 and 0730. The same restrictions
on work described in paragraph 3.4.1 will apply during this
3.4.4 A half-hour close-down period will be included within the
normal working hours described above to enable the
contractor’s staff to exit the site. This will include
departing from the wider construction site to return to the main
3.4.5 The contractor will use best practicable means to keep
noise levels within the threshold for normal working hours, as
described in Section 5 of this CoCP. In addition, the approval of
the Employer’s Representative will be required for all works
to commence, in accordance with the requirements of Section 5 of
3.4.6 Working at night and on Sundays will be permitted for
‘marine works’ associated with construction of the main
crossing and approach viaducts, but only with the approval of the
Employer’s Representative and provided that the work is
undertaken in accordance with the requirements of Section 5 of this
CoCP. Such marine works may include:
- any works associated with construction of the foundations for
the main crossing and approach viaducts within the Firth of
- any works required to construct the towers and piers within the
Firth of Forth to a reasonable level above the Highest Astronomical
Tide to enable construction of the remainder of the towers under
normal working hours;
- any works reliant on the operation of major marine plant;
- any other works required within the Firth of Forth, including
construction of any platforms required to facilitate construction
of the towers or piers above the surface water level of the Firth
3.4.7 The contractor will be permitted to undertake other works
(works other than marine works) at night and on Sundays but only
with the approval of the Employer’s Representative and
provided that the work is undertaken in accordance with the
requirements of Section 5 of this CoCP.
3.4.8 Should the contractor require to undertake construction
works, except works which fall under the definition of
‘exceptional works’ in paragraph 3.4.10 below, outwith
the normal working hours and associated noise thresholds, the
consent procedure described in Section 5 of this CoCP will be
3.4.9 Where construction works are permitted to be undertaken
outwith the normal working hours and associated noise thresholds,
the contractor will provide information regarding these works to
the relevant local authorities and adjacent residents through the
communications strategy described in Section 2 of this CoCP. The
notification will include an explanation of the construction works
to be undertaken, working hours, measures to be implemented to
control construction noise and disturbance and details of the
enquiries and complaints procedure.
3.4.10 Certain ‘exceptional works’ may require to be
undertaken outwith normal working hours. Exceptional works are
works which it would not be reasonably practicable to undertake
during normal working hours and may include:
- construction works which are required in response to an
- construction works which are required as directed by the Police
or other emergency services;
- construction works being undertaken as normal works which could
give rise to any damage, be unsafe or be detrimental to the
integrity of the works if they were not completed; and
- maintenance of plant where this is essential to maintain safe
operation of the site. This does not include routine servicing or
3.4.11 The contractor will notify the Employer’s
Representative and the relevant local authority, together with the
relevant navigation or harbour authority, Network Rail or Statutory
Undertakers, as appropriate, of any exceptional works that are
necessary as soon as possible after the contractor becomes aware
that exceptional works are necessary. The notification will
include, as a minimum, an explanation of what the exceptional works
were in response to and what actions are being taken.
3.5 Construction Site Layout and Appearance
3.5.1 The Area Management Plan will set out the procedures to be
implemented to manage the site in accordance with a ‘good
housekeeping’ policy and best practice. This will cover site
offices, compounds and the general construction site.
3.5.2 The contractor will appoint a Site Operations Manager who
will be responsible for site facilities and implementing the
procedures and reasonable precautions set out in the Area
Management Plan such that the site facilities are managed,
operated, maintained and serviced effectively to reduce disturbance
and other environmental impacts associated with day-to-day site
3.5.3 The site offices for the main contract will be located to
the west of South Queensferry, providing office, parking, storage
and welfare facilities for the construction workforce. A site
compound for other facilities such as materials and equipment
storage and plant will also be situated at this location to service
the main crossing and the new road construction in the area. A site
compound will also be located to the west of Ferrytoll junction.
Site offices and a site compound will be located adjacent to
Junction 1a on the M9.
3.5.4 The contractor will provide adequate car parking
facilities for construction vehicles and those of construction
workers at each site office and compound. Monitoring any problems
associated with over-parking on residential streets and wider
issues of vehicular access are covered in Section 4 of this
3.5.5 The contractor will undertake construction of site
compounds in accordance with, and provide appropriate mitigation to
meet, the requirements of the Environmental Statement and this CoCP
to mitigate the effect of the construction or operation of site
offices and compounds.
3.5.6 The layout, appearance and operation of the construction
site, site offices and compounds will be a matter for the
contractor and will take cognisance of the requirements in this
CoCP relating to fencing and hoarding, lighting and security. In
particular, the layout, appearance and operation of the
construction site, site offices and compounds will be managed
taking consideration of the following requirements:
- The site office and compound layouts will segregate
construction vehicles and pedestrian movements.
- All working areas will be kept in a clean and tidy
- Smoking areas at site offices/compounds or work sites will be
equipped with containers for smoking waste and will not be located
at the boundary of working areas or adjacent to neighbouring
- All necessary measures will be taken to minimise the risk of
fire, including preparing a Fire Safety Plan, and the contractor
will comply with the requirements of the local fire authority.
- Radios (other than two-way radios for the purposes of
communication related to the works) and other forms of audio
equipment with loudspeakers will not be operated on any work site,
unless it is related to the construction works being
- Workers will maintain a reasonable and appropriate standard of
dress at all times and will not use foul language or display lewd
or derogatory behaviour.
- Appropriate measures, such as use of enclosed containers, will
be employed to store waste susceptible to spreading by wind or
liable to cause litter. See also section 8 of this CoCP.
- Rubbish will be removed at frequent intervals and the site kept
clean and tidy.
- Fencing and hoardings will be frequently inspected, repaired
and repainted as necessary. See also section 3.6 of this CoCP.
- Adequate welfare facilities will be provided for all
construction staff. All toilets will be serviced and kept
- Food waste will be removed frequently. See also Section 3.9 of
- Good personal hygiene will be promoted by the contractor for
the workforce, particularly when using site canteens or mess
- Site accesses, accesses to site offices/compounds and roads in
the vicinity of site access points will be maintained clean as
required. See also Section 4 of this CoCP.
- The requirements of this CoCP relating to noise and vibration.
See Section 5 of this CoCP.
- The requirements of this CoCP relating to dust, odours and air
pollution. See Section 6 of this CoCP.
- The requirements of this CoCP relating to the handling, storage
and disposal of materials. See Sections 7 – 9 of this
- Appropriate management and disposal of foul water and sewage.
See Section 9.5 of this CoCP.
3.6 Land Made Available, Fencing and Hoarding
3.6.1 The Scottish Ministers will make land available to the
contractor for construction of the Project. The land and rights in
land the Scottish Ministers intend to acquire or use are shown in
the book of reference and on the maps, plans and sections which
accompany the Forth Crossing Bill.
3.6.2 The Scottish Ministers will provide advance notification
of taking entry to land to owners and occupiers of such land in
accordance with the requirements of the Forth Crossing Bill.
3.6.3 Prior to the start of construction, the contractor will
accurately identify the land area to be occupied by the
construction works. In addition to the land made available by the
Scottish Ministers, the contractor may provide additional areas to
facilitate their own construction methods for the Project, subject
to obtaining the necessary approvals.
3.6.4 Where the contractor proposes to make additional land
available to facilitate their construction methods for the Project,
an environmental impact assessment of the use of this land will be
undertaken, as may be necessary, to ensure any impacts due to
construction are line with those described in the Environmental
Statement, and enable appropriate mitigation measures to be
implemented. The contractor will consult with local authorities and
other relevant statutory bodies listed in paragraph 1.7.7 of this
CoCP regarding the environmental impact assessment and any
mitigation to be provided to ensure the environmental impact of the
use of additional land remains in line with that described in the
3.6.5 Some land will only be made available by the Scottish
Ministers temporarily to facilitate construction of the Project.
These areas are defined in the book of reference and maps, plans
and sections which accompany the Forth Crossing Bill. The
contractor will undertake a joint survey of any land made available
temporarily by the Scottish Ministers with the relevant landowner,
or their representative, to record the condition of the land prior
to entry to the land being taken. A photographic and video record
of the condition of the land will also be taken by the
3.6.6 The contractor will liaise with the relevant roads
authority regarding condition surveys for public roads and any
remedial works necessary as a consequence of the works.
3.6.7 All active working areas will be adequately fenced off by
the contractor from members of the public and to prevent animals
from straying into working areas. Factors that will be taken into
consideration by the contractor in the design and provision of
adequate fencing and hoarding will include:
- Maintaining adequate site security. The contractor will
undertake a risk assessment as part of the design process for
fencing and/or hoardings.
- The location of the construction site, use of adjacent land and
risk of the public trying to seek unauthorised entry to the
- The nature of the construction activities to be
- Specific mitigation associated with site fencing and security
to comply with the Environmental Statement and this CoCP.
- Hoardings will include noise-attenuating structures as
appropriate. Section 5 of this CoCP covers requirements relating to
- Gates or access points in the site boundaries, fencing or
hoardings, will be positioned and constructed to mitigate the
effects of noise transmitted from the site to nearby noise
sensitive properties, as described in the Environmental Statement,
subject to ensuring the safety of public or the safe operation of
the construction site or works.
- The location and design of site boundaries, hoardings and
temporary structures on or adjacent to public roads will maintain
adequate visibility at junctions and forward visibility on roads to
levels acceptable to the relevant roads authority.
- Where hoardings affect visibility on pedestrian routes, the
contractor will provide bulkhead lights and these will be
illuminated in times of darkness. Lighting will be inspected and
maintained on a regular basis by the contractor.
- Where used, the contractor will paint hoardings on the side
facing away from the working area in a colour and style approved by
the Employer’s Representative. Viewing panes will be provided
in hoardings to allow the public to see the works, subject to them
not diminishing the efficiency of the hoardings with regard to
security and noise attenuation or their use leading to the creation
of hazards or obstructions on public roads or footpaths. Section 5 of this CoCP covers requirements relating to construction
3.6.8 The contractor is expressly prohibited from displaying or
allowing the display of any advertisement or notice and the like,
including illicit bill or fly posting on any hoardings. All
graffiti, fly posting or defacement to hoardings will be removed
and made good within 48 hours of discovery.
3.6.9 An information board will be erected by the contractor at
prominent positions at each working area along the site at
intermittent locations where they are visible to adjacent residents
and the public, including at public footpaths, rights of way and
National Cycle Routes within 200m of the works, the locations being
subject to the agreement of the relevant local authority. Prominent
locations will also include site accesses, offices and compounds.
Information boards will include information on the work programme
and estimated duration of the overall works in the area, together
with the Project website address and relevant contact details for
the Enquiries and Complaints Procedure, including contact numbers,
email and postal address, as described in Section 2 of this
3.6.10 The contractor will remove all temporary fencing and
hoarding following completion of work and following consideration
for any ongoing need to retain fencing and hoarding in line with
the factors set out in paragraph 3.6.7 of this CoCP.
3.6.11 The contractor will seek to minimise the area of land
used for the Project. If any land is deemed surplus to requirements
following construction of the Project, the Scottish Ministers will
seek to dispose of this land in accordance with normal procedures
(Crichel Down Rules).
3.7.1 Site lighting may be required in the following
- Provision of background lighting for contractor’s offices
or compounds, for security and safe movement of staff during winter
mornings and evenings.
- Provision of temporary road lighting along temporary access
- Provision of bulkhead lighting for pedestrian walkways, as
described in paragraph 3.6.7 of this CoCP.
- Provision of temporary road lighting to maintain at least an
equivalent level of lighting where there is existing lighting in
place prior to construction.
- Provision of temporary road lighting where there is currently
no lighting but lighting is required as a safety measure under
temporary traffic management, for example at carriageway
cross-overs and where temporary access roads cross existing public
- Provision of task lighting required for night time activities
or winter afternoon activities, such as installation of bridge
- Provision of navigation warning lights to safely identify plant
and construction within the Firth of Forth.
- Provision of aircraft warning lights to safely identify the
main towers and construction plant or apparatus.
3.7.2 The contractor will consult with the airport operator of
Edinburgh Airport regarding any construction activities which may
affect the airport controlled airspace and the use of appropriate
lighting or other warning measures to be implemented. The
contractor will obtain any consents necessary for construction
works within the airport controlled airspace.
3.7.3 The contractor will take consideration of the following
requirements in relation to the provision of temporary
- The lighting design will seek to reduce visual intrusion and
light spillage, including avoiding unecessary use of lighting, at
nearby residential properties and sites of ecological interest,
insofar as is consistent with the safe and efficient operation of
the construction site.
- Where necessary, lighting to site boundaries will be provided
with illuminations sufficient for the safety of the passing
- Lighting will be positioned and directed to reduce nuisance to
residents and avoid creating distractions or confusion to passing
drivers on adjacent public roads and railways.
- Where necessary, lighting at locations where the road layout is
to be changed will be provided by early commissioning of permanent
new lighting where feasible or by provision of mobile lighting
towers or use of columns in temporary locations.
- Special consideration of lighting requirements will be required
in the vicinity of Edinburgh Airport and the existing rail network
and the contractor will agree lighting requirements with the
relevant authorities prior to the commencement of works which may
affect their areas of responsibility.
- So far as reasonably practicable, all power to temporary
traffic signals or lighting will be taken from mains supplies
rather than from portable generators.
- The contractor will take reasonable precautions in accordance
with the Scottish Government Guidance: Controlling Light Pollution
and Reducing Lighting Energy Consumption insofar as it is
applicable to use of lighting associated with the construction
3.7.4 The contractor will comply with the requirements of the
relevant roads authority with regards to temporary lighting on or
adjacent to public roads.
3.7.5 The contractor will comply with the requirements of the
Environmental Protection Act 1990, as amended with regards to
preventing or counteracting the effects of any nuisance due to
3.8 Living Accommodation
3.8.1 No living accommodation will be permitted on land made
available by the Scottish Ministers for the Project or on the
construction site, except with the approval of the relevant local
authority and/or the Employer’s Representative as
appropriate. Mess rooms, locker rooms, welfare facilities and
showers will be permitted.
3.9 Pest Control
3.9.1 The contractor will implement adequate arrangements for
the disposal of food waste or other material attractive to pests or
vermin to control the risk of infestation. If infestation occurs
the contractor will take such actions as is necessary to deal with
it, as required by the relevant local authority.
3.10.1 The contractor will be responsible for the security of
the construction site and will establish appropriate security
measures to protect the public and prevent unauthorised entry to or
exit from the site. The contractor will close and lock site gates
when there is no site activity and implement site security
3.10.2 The contractor will consider the need for security
cameras and will provide these as considered necessary to maintain
the security of the site and safety of the public. Where security
cameras are used, they will be placed in locations which will not
cause offence or unduly infringe upon the privacy of local
3.11 Clearance of Site on Completion
3.11.1 The contractor will clear and clean all working areas as
work proceeds and when no longer required for the carrying out of
construction works. This will also include areas adjacent to the
site which may require to be cleared or cleaned due to construction
activities and site accesses and roads in the vicinity of site
3.11.2 Where land has been made available by the Scottish
Ministers on a temporary basis for construction of the Project, the
contractor will reinstate this land in accordance with the
provisions in the Forth Crossing Bill prior to it being returned to
the relevant landowner.
3.12 Consents and Licences
3.12.1 Where appropriate, the different sections of this CoCP
make reference to consents and licences that will be required
during construction. The contractor will maintain a Consents
Register which will document all consent requirements and record
all applications made and the status of the applications.
- BS OHSAS 18001:2007 Occupational Health and Safety Management
- Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007
- Controlling Light Pollution and Reducing Lighting Energy
Consumption, Scottish Government Guidance Note, March 2007
- Environmental Protection Act 1990, as amended
- Explosives Act 1875, as amended
- Forth Road Bridge Byelaws for the Management, Regulation and
Control of the Forth Road Bridge
- Forth Ports Authority, Forth Byelaws
- Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974
- Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999, as
- Planning etc. (Scotland) Act 2006
- Prevention of Damage by Pests Act 1949
- The Diving at Work Regulations 1997
- The Diving Operations at Work Regulations 1981, as amended
- The Control of Explosives Regulations 1991
- The Control of Noise at Work Regulations 2005
- The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002,
- The Control of Vibration at Work Regulations 2005
- The Electricity at Work Regulations 1989
- The Work at Height Regulations 2005, as amended
- Town and Country Planning (Scotland) Act 1997