8 Disposal of Waste and Contaminated Materials
8.1.1 To take reasonable precautions in carrying out the works
to prevent, contain, or limit adverse environmental impacts and
health and safety risks arising from the handling and disposal of
waste, including contaminated materials. To maximise, where
reasonable, reuse of site-won materials within the construction of
the Project and recycling of surplus materials in order to reduce
adverse environmental effects associated with disposal
8.2 Geology, Land Contamination and Waste Management
8.2.1 As explained in Section 1.7 of this CoCP, the
contractor’s EMP will include a Geology, Land Contamination
and Waste Management Plan. In addition to the requirements of
Section 7 of this CoCP, the Plan will also describe the procedures
and measures to be implemented so that the handling, storage,
transfer and disposal of waste materials and contaminated
materials, together with the measures to be implemented for the
reuse or recycling of waste material are appropriately managed.
8.2.2 The Geology, Land Contamination and Waste Management Plan
will be prepared in accordance with the following guidance:
- Site Waste Management Plans: Guidance for Construction
contractors and Clients.
- Scotland’s National Waste Plan.
- Scottish Planning Policy 10 [SPP 10] Planning for Waste
8.2.3 The procedures set out in the Geology, Land Contamination
and Waste Management Plan will cover the following, as
- Procedures for the classification of all waste.
- Procedures for the recording of the types, quantities and
locations of waste materials generated during construction.
- The measures to be implemented to reduce waste generation.
- The measures to be implemented for recycling and/or re-use of
- The measures to be adopted for management of waste on
- The proposed storage, handling, treatment and disposal
procedures for waste.
- The licensing arrangements for waste disposal.
- Details of the waste carriers and off-site disposal sites to be
used, including the terms of their respective licenses and details
of waste permitted to be transported and received.
- The procedures, such as use of consignment notes, to enable an
appropriate audit trail of waste disposal activities to be
8.2.4 The contractor will consult with relevant local
authorities and SEPA regarding the development of the Geology, Land
Contamination and Waste Management Plan.
8.3 Waste and Waste Minimisation
8.3.1 The contractor will take reasonable precautions in the
design and construction of the Project to consider opportunities
and implement measures to reuse waste or surplus materials, as
appropriate. The contractor will have regard to the Sustainable
Development Policy, as described in Section 1.8 of this CoCP, when
considering the reuse of materials within the works.
8.3.2 The contractor will provide recycling points at site
offices and compounds and arrange for the appropriate disposal of
waste to recycling stations.
8.3.3 The contractor will manage the disposal of waste material
to maximise the environmental and development benefits from the use
of surplus material and to reduce the adverse environmental effects
and risks associated with disposal off-site.
8.3.4 All waste material will be appropriately transported and
disposed of by the contractor at licensed tips or designated sites.
The contractor will comply with relevant legislation including the
Control of Pollution Act 1974, Section 34 of the Environmental
Protection Act 1990 and the Waste Management, The Duty of Care, A
Code of Practice guidance in this regard.
8.3.5 The contractor will obtain any consents or licences
necessary for the deposition or disposal of surplus material within
the Firth of Forth, including sediments excavated from the bed of
the Firth of Forth during construction of the main crossing. The
contractor will comply with Part II of the Food and Environment
Protection Act 1985 in this regard.
8.3.6 Prior to disposal, the contractor will assess soils in
line with Environment Agency Technical Guidance WM2 to determine
whether they are hazardous or non-hazardous.
8.3.7 The contractor will handle, store and manage waste to
contain and limit impacts and avoid nuisance arising from dust and
odour in accordance with the requirements of Section 6 of this
CoCP. The handling and disposal of waste water will also comply
with the requirements of Section 9 of this CoCP.
8.3.8 Waste disposal routes will comply with the restrictions on
access routes for construction traffic determined in accordance
with the requirements of Section 4.7 of this CoCP. The contractor
will comply with the requirements of the relevant navigation and
harbour authorities regarding the transport of waste on the Firth
8.3.9 The contractor will obtain any necessary waste management
licenses or apply to SEPA for registration of any relevant
exemption from waste licensing necessary during construction
8.4 Contaminated and Hazardous Materials
8.4.1 Mitigation measures to be implemented during construction
on or adjacent to areas of land affected by contamination are
covered in Section 7 of this CoCP. The Geology, Land Contamination
and Waste Management Plan will set out the procedures to be
followed for the handling, storage, transfer and disposal of
contaminated or hazardous materials to comply with relevant
8.4.2 The handling, storage, transport and disposal of
contaminated or hazardous material will comply with the
requirements of this Section 8 of the CoCP, as appropriate.
8.4.3 Classification of contaminated or hazardous materials will
be in accordance with hazardous waste guidance. The contractor will
consult with SEPA regarding reuse criteria and sample plans for
materials to be reused during construction.
8.4.4 The contractor will identify waste which falls within the
definition of special waste in relevant legislation, including the
Special Waste Regulations 1996, as amended, and implement
appropriate handling, storage, transport and disposal measures for
special waste accordance with the regulations and other statutory
requirements. This will include waste containing contaminated
materials and asbestos.
8.5.1 The contractor will monitor and undertake regular audits
of the waste management procedures to facilitate compliance with
the Geology, Land Contamination and Waste Management Plan, relevant
legislation and the project Sustainable Development Policy (refer
to Section 1.8).
- Control of Pollution Act 1974
- Control of Pollution (Special Waste) Regulations 1980, as
- Environmental Protection Act 1990, as amended
- Food and Environment Protection Act 1985
- Scottish Planning Policy 10 [SPP7]: Planning for Waste
- Site Waste Management Plans: Guidance for Construction
contractors and Clients, Department of Trade and Industry,
- Techncial Guidance WM2, Interpretation of the definition and
classification of Hazardous Waste, Environment Agency, 2008
- The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002,
- The National Waste Plan 2003, Scottish Environment Protection
- The Special Waste Regulations 1996, as amended
- The Special Waste (Scotland) Regulations 1997, as amended
- The Waste Management Licensing (Scotland) Regulations 1996, as
- Waste Management, The Duty of Care, A Code of Practice,
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, 2009