4 Public Access and Traffic Management
4.1.1 To comply with the provisions of the Forth Crossing Bill
regarding the diversion or closure of any roads, ways or private
accesses and the like and implement appropriate measures in the
design and construction of the Project to mitigate disruption to
road, cycle track, other path, waterway and other users.
4.2 Traffic Management Requirements and Plan
4.2.1 Construction of the Project will involve:
- widening or improving sections of existing roads and
- construction of tie-ins to existing roads and footpaths;
- construction of maintenance hard-standings and lay-bys adjacent
to existing roads;
- demolition and construction adjacent to or over public roads
and footpaths; and
- construction adjacent to or over railways.
4.2.2 The contractor will implement traffic management measures
during the construction of the Project on or adjacent to public
roads, cycle tracks and other paths as necessary. A lead-in notice
period of up to 3 months may be required prior to the
implementation of certain temporary traffic management measures
associated with the occupation or temporary closure of existing
roads in accordance with relevant statutory requirements. Traffic
management works will comply with the provisions of the Traffic
Signs Manual Chapter 8: Traffic Safety Measures and Signs for Road
Works and Temporary Situations. Traffic signs will comply with the
Traffic Signs Regulations and General Directions 2002, as
4.2.3 A Traffic Management Working Group (TMWG) has been formed
for the Project which includes representatives from roads
authorities and the emergency services. The contractor will consult
with the TMWG regarding traffic management and other traffic
related measures to be implemented in accordance with the CoCP.
4.2.4 The Project includes the provision of an Intelligent
Transport System (ITS), which will include a system to implement
variable speed limits, lane control and variable message signs. To
the extent available and where reasonable and practicable, the
contractor will liaise with Traffic Scotland to use the ITS to
complement traffic management schemes implemented during
construction of the Project to assist in the control and management
of traffic on the road network. The contractor will also provide
Traffic Scotland with regular updates regarding any disruption
caused by construction works on the road network. The information
website described in Section 2.3.1 of this CoCP will provide a link
to the Traffic Scotland website to provide access to traffic
4.2.5 As explained in Section 1.7 of this CoCP, the contractor
will prepare a Traffic Management Plan which will describe the
traffic management, safety and control measures proposed during
construction of the Project. The Traffic Management Plan will
include details of the following, as appropriate:
- Measures to provide for the safety of traffic, the public and
construction staff during traffic management works and temporary
traffic control measures.
- Procedures to be followed for the temporary or permanent
closure or diversion of roads or accesses.
- Procedures to be followed to obtain consent to work on or over
- Pedestrian, equestrian and cyclist routes.
- Measures to be implemented to reduce construction traffic
impacts or impacts associated with over-parking on residential
- Temporary and permanent access to the works.
- Permitted access routes for construction traffic.
- Monitoring requirements in relation to the Plan.
4.2.6 The Traffic Management Plan will include a programme of
traffic management measures to be implemented and details of
traffic management proposals for the works on or adjacent to public
roads. The contractor will appoint a Traffic Safety and Control
Officer who will be responsible for the implementation of the
Traffic Management Plan. The details to be provided in the Plan
will include the following, as appropriate:
- Phasing of works.
- Drawings showing traffic management layouts, signing and
apparatus to be implemented.
- Timing of operations.
- A list of roads which may be used by construction traffic in
the vicinity of the site including any restrictions to construction
traffic on these routes.
- The name and contact details of the contractor’s Traffic
Safety and Control Officer.
- A register of applications for consents associated with
temporary traffic management measures.
4.2.7 The responsibilities of the Traffic Safety and Control
Officer will include:
- all traffic management measures associated with the
- ensuring that all equipment is in place and in full working
order at all times;
- enforcement of all relevant health and safety directives in
liaison with the contractor’s Health and Safety Manager,
relating to operations and live traffic;
- enforcement of site access requirements;
- liaison with the Employer’s Representative, the CDM
Co-ordinator and the relevant authorities and continued monitoring
of the traffic management measures adopted; and
- arranging for site inspections at regular intervals and
equipment attended to and maintained and in the case of accidents
or incidents having replacement signs, cones, bollards and lights
and the like erected without delay.
4.2.8 Construction of the Project will also involve working
within the navigable waters of the Firth of Forth. Works which
involve working within the Firth of Forth or use of marine plant
will necessarily impact on other marine activities and could
- construction works associated with the foundations and towers
for the main crossing;
- transport of materials within the Firth of Forth to and from
the construction site;
- transport of men and materials from the foreshore to the
construction areas at the towers; and
- lifting the deck sections into place.
4.2.9 A Marine Liaison Group will be formed which will include
representatives from the navigation and harbour authorities (Forth
Ports plc), operator of Rosyth Dockyard (Babcock International
Group (or their subsidiaries)), operator of Port Edgar Marina, the
police and coast guard services.
4.2.10 As is also explained in Section 1.7 of this CoCP, the
contractor will prepare a Marine Traffic Management Plan which will
describe the traffic management, safety and control measures to be
implemented with regard to operating within the Firth of Forth and
procedures and measures to manage operations and reduce the impact
of marine works on navigation within the Firth of Forth during
4.2.11 The contractor will consult with, and take consideration
of the views of the Marine Liaison Group during development of the
Marine Traffic Management Plan. The consultation will be to ensure
that plan adequately covers the procedures to manage construction
activities within the Firth of Forth and limit disruption to
navigation whilst enabling the safe construction of the main
4.2.12 The contractor will also liaise with relevant
organisations representing users of the Firth of Forth, including
appropriate organisations representing fishing interests, to advise
them of the construction works to be undertaken within the Firth of
Forth and any planned restrictions or restrictions in place to
navigation. See also paragraphs 4.6.9 and 4.6.10 of this CoCP.
4.3 Traffic Safety and Control
4.3.1 The contractor will use reasonable endeavours, including
appropriate design and installation of traffic management schemes,
to reduce the likelihood of traffic diverting onto alternative
routes, to mitigate potential impacts on the local community and
keep delays and disruptions to traffic to a reasonably practicable
minimum. This will include traffic control on local roads as may be
necessary as part of the traffic management schemes. The contractor
will avoid leaving traffic management measures in place
4.3.2 The contractor will consult with the TMWG regarding the
traffic management measures proposed and will undertake Road Safety
Audits in accordance with the Design Manual for Roads and Bridges
for complex or major traffic management schemes. Regular meetings
will be held with the TMWG during the construction period.
4.3.3 Where required, as determined through consultation with
the relevant authorities, the contractor will provide speed
detection cameras at temporary traffic management schemes.
4.3.4 When necessary during construction on the line of the
trunk roads, the contractor will operate a vehicle recovery system
to minimise the impact of breakdowns or accidents on the flow of
traffic. This will cover the removal of shed loads and vehicles
that are stationary due to mechanical breakdowns, accident damage
or abandoned in the trafficked road within the works to a safe
location outwith the works site.
4.3.5 The contractor will provide a CCTV system for use in
monitoring traffic management schemes, should this be necessary for
the safe and effective monitoring of the schemes, maintaining
traffic flow and operation of the vehicle recovery system.
4.3.6 Where possible within the works, and without compromising
the safe and efficient construction of the scheme, the contractor
will provide an emergency lane for use by emergency vehicles when a
contraflow is in operation.
4.3.7 The contractor will assist the Police and the relevant
roads authorities, as appropriate, in moving abnormal loads through
4.3.8 The contractor will consult with the operators of railways
regarding construction works on, over or adjacent to railways or
other works which may affect railways and will obtain any consents
necessary for the works to be undertaken.
4.3.9 The contractor will consult with:
- relevant roads authorities including FETA;
- Traffic Scotland;
- the organisers of major or significant local events in adjacent
local authority areas including the City of Edinburgh, Fife, West
Lothian, Perth and Kinross, Clackmannanshire and Falkirk;
- the operators of Rosyth ferry terminal;
- the operators of Rosyth HM Royal Dockyard; and
- other relevant organistions
regarding traffic management and control measures to be
implemented to accommodate abnormal traffic or unusually high
traffic demands. The contractor will also comply with the
requirements of Section 2 of this CoCP regarding public liaison in
4.4 Temporary or Permanent Closure or Diversion
4.4.1 The Forth Crossing Bill sets out requirements for
maintaining access on roads, footways, cycle tracks, bridleways,
public rights of way and private accesses (‘road or access
and the like’). Unless specifically provided for in the Forth
Crossing Bill, or otherwise agreed with the relevant roads
authority or the owner and occupier of a private access, the
contractor will not close or divert any road or access or the like.
Due regard will also be taken of the Land Reform (Scotland) Act
4.4.2 Where the contractor proposes to provide a temporary or
substitute road or access or the like, the width and standard of
construction and any lighting required will be suitable for the
traffic anticipated to use the route. The contractor will maintain
the temporary or substitute road or access or the like to provide
adequately for the traffic using the route. The contractor will
apply for any consents and prepare any orders or regulations
required for temporary traffic management schemes or road closures
and comply with the requirements of the relevant roads authority in
this regard and to ensure that temporary or substitute roads have
the appropriate legal status.
4.4.3 If a road needs to be closed temporarily to facilitate
construction works, for example to enable the lifting of bridge
beams over an existing road, the contractor will comply with the
requirements of the relevant roads authority for the affected
roads, any roads authority through which it is intended to divert
traffic during the temporary road closure and the Police. The
contractor will demonstrate to these authorities that the
construction work cannot be carried out safely without the road
4.5 Public Transport, Pedestrian, Equestrian or Cycle
4.5.1 The contractor will consult with relevant local
authorities, the operators of Ferrytoll Park and Ride and relevant
public transport and local bus operators regarding traffic
management schemes that may affect the flow of buses to and from
the park and ride facility and will take reasonable precautions to
mitigate any disruption to bus services. The contractor will also
comply with the requirements of Section 2 of this CoCP regarding
public liaison on such matters.
4.5.2 Where existing public transport operates and bus stops are
to be temporarily closed or relocated, or become unsafe due to
construction activities, the contractor will provide a safe
alternative bus stop, where this is reasonable and practicable. The
contractor will obtain agreement to any proposed relocations or
alterations to bus stops from the relevant roads authority and bus
operators, as appropriate. The contractor will also comply with the
requirements of Section 2 of this CoCP regarding public liaison on
4.5.3 Section 4.4 of this CoCP applies in relation to
maintaining access for the public on footpaths, footways, cycle
tracks, bridleways, public rights of way and the like.
4.5.4 Traffic management measures will accommodate the safe
travel of pedestrians and other non-motorised users, as
appropriate, and be in accordance with Transport Scotland’s
publication Roads for All: The Trunk Road Network Disability
Equality Scheme and Action Plan, as appropriate.
4.5.5 The information in the Traffic Management Plan relating to
traffic management layouts, signing and apparatus to be implemented
will include details of any temporary measures or signing to be
implemented to maintain access to and signing of National Cycle
Routes and other existing routes signposted for pedestrians or
4.6 General Measures to Reduce Construction Traffic
4.6.1 Section 4.7 of this CoCP applies in relation to access
routes to the site used by construction traffic.
4.6.2 Where appropriate, the contractor will provide haul routes
through the works for use by construction vehicles to minimise the
need to use public roads. Site access points will be positioned to
enable the use of haul routes to be maximised, subject to safety
considerations in the design and construction of appropriate access
4.6.3 The contractor will comply with the requirements of the
relevant roads authority regarding the layout and positioning of
4.6.4 Where site accesses and at-grade crossings of public roads
are required for construction vehicles, the contractor will provide
traffic management measures as required and design these measures
to avoid unnecessary delay to vehicles on the public road.
4.6.5 The contractor will use best endeavours to keep roads,
accesses and the like free from mud and other loose materials
arising from the works.
4.6.6 Where reasonable and practicable, construction vehicles
will avoid travelling in convoys on public roads.
4.6.7 The contractor will develop and implement a Green Travel
Plan which will seek to reduce the effects of construction staff
travelling to the site on the road network.
4.6.8 Construction staff using private vehicles to travel to the
site will park their vehicles in designated construction site car
parks and not on public roads within a two mile radius of the site.
Parking of vehicles being used for construction purposes will be
permitted on public roads within the limits of any traffic
management measures provided for the works or if the vehicles avoid
causing disruption to traffic and local residents.
4.6.9 The contractor will use reasonable endeavours to arrange
delivery of materials to the site by road between 0930 and 1600
hours to minimise disruption to road users during peak periods.
This will be subject to the need for deliveries to occur at other
times to maintain the safe and efficient operation of the
4.6.10 The contractor will proscribe the routine movement of
slow moving construction plant on commuter or traffic sensitive
public roads within a five mile radius of the construction site
outwith the period defined in paragraph 4.6.9.
4.6.11 The design of temporary traffic management schemes will
maintain an appropriate number of lanes on public roads in line
with the requirements of paragraph 4.3.1 of this CoCP. Lane
closures will only be permitted with the approval of the
Employer’s Representative and the relevant roads
4.6.12 Appropriate use will be made of the Firth of Forth as a
transport corridor for materials for construction of the main
crossing, subject to the use of barges or other vessels being safe,
efficient and cost effective, to minimise disruption to road
4.6.13 The Scottish Ministers will consult with navigation and
harbour authorities to develop an operational procedure for
construction within the Firth of Forth to enable navigation
requirements to be managed whilst enabling construction to proceed
in a safe and efficient manner. The contractor will comply with the
procedure developed unless otherwise agreed with the relevant
navigation and harbour authorities and the Employer’s
Representative. The specific measures to be put in place to
implement the procedure will be set out in the Marine Traffic
4.7 Access Routes for Construction Traffic
4.7.1 The Scottish Ministers will consult with local roads
authorities regarding access routes that may be used by the
contractor to access the construction site. All other possible
access points to the site from existing roads will be signed with a
'NO ACCESS TO FRC CONSTRUCTION TRAFFIC’ or other similar
sign. Signing will be provided by the contractor, including seeking
any approvals or consents necessary.
4.7.2 Access routes for construction traffic will be limited, as
far as reasonably practicable, to the trunk road network and main
roads on the local road network. Access along other local roads
will be restricted but may be necessary, for example, to enable
transport or delivery of locally sourced materials. Access along
residential roads will generally be prohibited. In instances where
access along lower class local roads and roads within residential
areas is required, the contractor will keep this to a reasonably
practical minimum. Information regarding public roads to be used by
construction traffic will be provided on the website referred to in
Section 2 of this CoCP.
4.7.3 The contractor will keep site access points clear at all
times and will design and construct site access points to a
suitable standard to enable the smooth access and egress of
vehicles in a forward direction to limit disruption to road users
due to use of the access points. The contractor will consult with
the relevant roads authorities regarding the positioning of site
access and egress points.
4.7.4 The locations of the construction site offices and
compounds are described in Section 3.5 of this CoCP. Site access
points will be required for each of the site offices and compounds.
The positioning of access for the site offices and compounds will
take cognisance of the restrictions set in relation to access
routes for construction traffic.
4.7.5 Access along Society Road, South Queensferry will be
necessary early in the construction stages associated with
provision of the haul road between the site compound to the west of
South Queensferry and Society Road. The junction between the haul
road and Society Road will be traffic-managed and following
construction of the haul road the contractor will not be permitted
to use any part of Hopetoun Road/Society Road to undertake
construction activities outwith the Act limits or as an access
route for construction vehicles.
4.7.6 The contractor will widen and upgrade Society Road, South
Queensferry within the limits of deviation shown in the maps, plans
and sections accompanying the Forth Crossing Bill to accommodate
construction and public traffic over this length of the road.
4.7.7 The contractor will design any access provided to the
south foreshore of the Firth of Forth which passes through Port
Edgar Barracks to limit impacts within the barracks complex. Such
access will be used to facilitate the transport of construction
staff and materials to the tower and pier construction areas for
the main crossing and the approach viaducts.
4.7.8 The contractor will comply with the Forth Road Bridge
Byelaws for the Management, Regulation and Control of the Forth
Road Bridge in relation to use of the bridge by construction
4.8.1 The contractor will monitor traffic management schemes to
maintain their effectiveness and condition and to provide for the
safety of traffic, the public and construction staff during traffic
management works and temporary traffic control measures. The
contractor will provide information regarding any delays to traffic
due to construction works to Traffic Scotland.
4.8.2 The contractor will monitor traffic levels on roads where
reasonably required by the police or the relevant roads authority
in line with the requirements of paragraph 4.8.1 to monitor the
effectiveness of traffic management schemes.
4.8.3 The contractor will monitor site accesses and public roads
adjacent to access points to enable measures to keep accesses and
roads clean to be implemented as required.
- Design Manual for Roads and Bridges, Volume 5 Section 2 Part 2,
HD19/03 Road Safety Audit, Highways Agency, Scottish Executive,
Welsh Assembly Government, The Department for Regional Development
- Forth Road Bridge Byelaws for the Management, Regulation and
Control of the Forth Road Bridge
- Land Reform (Scotland) Act 2003
- New Roads and Street Works Act 1991
- Roads for All: The Trunk Road Network Disability Equality
Scheme and Action Plan, Transport Scotland, 2006
- Roads (Scotland) Act 1984
- Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984, as amended
- The Traffic Signs Regulations and General Directions 2002, as
- Traffic Signs Manual Chapter 8: Traffic Safety Measures and
Signs for Road Works and Temporary Situations, Department for
- Well Maintained Highways, Code of Practice for Highway
Maintenance Management, Roads Liaison Group, 2005