13 Landscape and Visual
13.1.1 To carry out construction works so that disturbance to
the landscape is contained within the construction site in order to
protect existing landscape elements such as soils, woodland, trees,
hedges, grassland and other habitat.
13.2 Landscape Management Plan
13.2.1 As explained in Section 1.7 of this CoCP, the
contractor’s EMP will include a Landscape Management Plan
which will include details of the controls to protect the landscape
from construction activities together with measures to be
implemented to manage and maintain landscape works provided as part
of the Project. Measures to be implemented to mitigate visual
impacts from the construction works will also be described.
13.2.2 The Landscape Management Plan will include the following,
- Maps showing areas of existing trees and vegetation within the
construction site to be retained.
- A schedule of plant species and planting mixes to be used and
measures to be implemented to provide sufficient stock of specified
species and provenance, including details of plant suppliers to be
- A programme for undertaking planting works.
- Measures to be implemented to protect new planting.
- Procedures for the inspection, maintenance and management of
- Details of the measures to be implemented to prevent damage to
the landscape adjacent to the construction site by the movement of
construction vehicles and machinery.
- Procedures for the identification, removal, handling, storage
and transplanting of any vegetation which is to be imported,
reused, relocated or transplanted.
- Reference to relevant procedures set out in the management
plans for other construction activities insofar as they are
relevant for the protection of the landscape.
- Reference to the Pollution Incident Response Plan for emergency
procedures to be implemented in the event of a pollution
13.2.3 The contractor will provide a Landscape Clerk of Works
who will be responsible for implementation of the Landscape
13.2.4 The contractor will consult with SNH and relevant local
authorities, as appropriate, regarding preparation of the Landscape
13.3 Mitigation of Potential Impacts on the Landscape or
13.3.1 The contractor will endeavour to put in place planting
and other landscape measures as early as is reasonably practicable
where there is no conflict with the construction activities or
other requirements of the Project.
13.3.2 Access to the construction site will be controlled in
accordance with the requirements of Section 4.6 of this CoCP. The
contractor will have regard to potential impacts on trees or other
mature vegetation when positioning site access and egress points
and will seek to avoid unnecessary impact.
13.3.3 If damage occurs to the landscape adjacent to the
construction site, the contractor will consult with the owners and
occupiers of the land in advance of taking entry to the land to
undertake any remedial works. Entry to land will be taken in
accordance with paragraph 3.6.2 of this CoCP.
13.3.4 The procedures developed by the contractor in management
plans for other construction activities will take consideration of
the objective to protect the landscape and landscape resources.
Relevant procedures will be set out in the following subsidiary
management plans, as appropriate:
- Area Management Plan.
- Dust and Air Pollution Management Plan.
- Geology, Land Contamination and Waste Management Plan.
- Surface and Ground Water Management Plan.
- Ecological Management Plan.
- Agriculture Management Plan.
- Cultural Heritage Management Plan.
- Pollution Incident Response Plan.
13.3.5 The procedures set out in Section 11.3 of this CoCP
relating to the temporary use of agricultural land will apply
equally in relation to the use of other categories of land used
temporarily during construction.
13.3.6 The contractor will provide appropriate mitigation to
reduce landscape, visual and other environmental impacts associated
with temporary site offices and compounds. See also Sections 3.5
– 3.11 of this CoCP regarding operation and management of the
13.3.7 The procedures set out in Section 11.3 of this CoCP
relating to the handling of agricultural soils will apply equally
in relation to soils to be used in areas to be seeded or planted.
The sourcing, testing, stripping, handling, storage and spreading
of site-won and imported topsoil will comply with BS 6031 Code of
practice for earthworks.
13.3.8 The contractor will comply with the requirements of
Section 10.4 of this CoCP in relation to measures to prevent the
spread of invasive and alien species.
13.3.9 The contractor will avoid unnecessary tree and vegetation
removal and will protect existing trees in accordance with BS 5837
Trees in relation to construction.
13.3.10 The contractor will undertake the procurement, movement,
handling, storage, planting and maintenance of plant material in
accordance with the following standards, as appropriate:
- BS 3936-1 Nursery stock. Specification for trees and
- BS 3936-4 Nursery stock. Specification for forest trees,
poplars and willows.
13.3.11 The contractor will comply with the requirements of
Section 10.4 of this CoCP regarding the protection of trees and
Section 10.5 of this CoCP regarding tree planting and
13.3.12 The contractor will consult with SNH, relevant local
authorities, the airport operator of Edinburgh Airport, community
councils and adjacent landowners, as appropriate, regarding the
landscaping and planting proposals.
13.4.1 The Landscape Management Plan will describe the
inspection and monitoring procedures to be implemented during
construction of the Project to monitor the effectiveness of
measures to protect the landscape.
13.4.2 The contractor will undertake appropriate inspection,
monitoring and maintenance of landscaping and planting provided as
part of the Project to facilitate the effective establishment of
vegetation and record the effectiveness of landscaping
- BS 3936-1:1992 Nursery stock. Specification for trees and
shrubs, British Standards Institution
- BS 3936-4:1984 Nursery stock. Specification for forest trees,
poplars and willows, British Standards Institution
- BS 3998:1989 Recommendations for Tree Works, British Standards
- BS 5837:2005 Trees in Relation to Construction, British
- BS 6031:1981 Code of Practice for Earthworks, British Standards
- Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981, as amended