Note an error has been identified with table 1 - the column entitled "Access to three or more" cars is incorrect. See table 1 of the latest Household Transport publication for corrected information. Published December 2002
Scottish Household Survey: Household Transport in 1999/2000
It is important to understand the background and methodology to the statistics so that they are used correctly.
You can also browse our Publications and datasets section for specific information, or use the High level summaries for an overview of key statistics by theme and details of where to find further data.
If you are looking for a compendium of transport and travel related statistics then you may find Scottish Transport Statistics useful.
Geographical breakdowns are available for most statistics.
This information is being added by theme to the High level summaries section.
Scottish Household Survey data
Information on personal travel and travel attitudes and behaviours is collected as part of the Scottish Household Survey (SHS).
The documents below were produced in December 2003 - although there have been minor changes to the descriptions/labels of a few variables/codes there have been no changes to the variables or the valid codes.
"Stats 21" (2005) ( 21 pages) NB: The following changes have been made since this was produced:
Variable 2.9 Vehicle location at time of accident... the check "IF 1.12 ( 1st Road Class) = 1 or 2.." should be: IF 1.12 ( 1st Road Class) = 1 or 2 THEN 2.9 = 00, 02, 05, 06, 07 or 08 because code 02 (bus lane) is valid (as there is one on part of the M4)
Variable 3.10 Pedestrian Location the check "IF 3.10 = 01-04..." should be: IF 3.10 = 01-04 THEN 1.20a (Pedestrian Crossing - Human Control) = 1 or 2 OR 1.20b (Pedestrian Crossing - Physical Facilities) = 1, 4, 5, 7, 8 or 9 because 1.20b code 7 "Footbridge or subway" is valid (it is a type of pedestrian crossing facility, which variable 3.10 codes 01-04 indicate is present).
Variable 2.22 Age of Driver under the "Comments" heading, the check "If driver age unknown...." should be: If Driver Age is unknown 2.22 MUST = BLANK (not 00 or 99) BLANK acceptable if 2.24 (Hit and Run) = 1 or 2 or 2.7 (Manoeuvres) = 2
It has been known for some time that there have been issues with some of the STATS 19 accident data that are collected by the police, due to the design of the form and information available to officers at the scene of an accident. Where possible these issues are rectified at each quinquennial review. The following document lists the current STATS 19 variables, issues with quality, their usage and possible solutions.
Transport Research Laboratory were commissioned by Transport Scotland to review the currently used versions of the STATS19 form by the legacy police forces in Scotland and produce a new form that incorporates recommendations for improvement that could be potentially rolled out nationally to help improve the quality of the personal injury road accident data collected in Scotland. The report was published on 14 May 2015.
The report details the methodology used, findings from a literature review and consultation with stakeholders as well as details about the design and testing of the proposed form. All consultation participants’ comments have been anonymised to protect confidentiality.
Road traffic accident and causality data collected by Police Scotland via the Stats 19 form is further validated by partners in each safety camera partnership and then submitted to the Scottish Safety Camera Programme Office.
Speed data is collected either via fixed speed loops located in the road surface or by means of mobile speed monitoring equipment.
Offender data is recorded on the safety camera partnership back office system. Aggregated figures are then submitted to the Scottish Safety Camera Programme Office via audited forms.
ScotStat is a network for users and providers of Scottish Official statistics. It aims to improve communication amongst those interested in particular statistics and facilitate the setting up of working groups on specific statistical issues. There are two Transport and Travel related ScotStat Committees:
Transport and Travel Statistics Advisory Committee, and the
Liaison Group on Road Accident Statistics
Both meet about once a year with members being consulted by e-mail, between meetings, where necessary e.g. for consultation, to follow up on discussion from meetings, to notify of changes to work strands.
If you are keen to find out more about work relating to Transport and Travel Statistics or any other facet of the work of the Scottish Government Statistics Group, you can register with ScotStat to receive updates. For more information, including a feedback form and information on the work of the ScotStat Board visit the ScotStat homepage.
You may also be interested in the (UK-wide) Transport Statistics Users Group, which tends to hold one "Scottish" meeting per year.
Transport and Travel Statistics Advisory Committee
The Transport and Travel Statistics Advisory Committee advises on the needs for statistics about transport and travel, and on matters such as their collection and cost, development, meaning, quality and fitness for purpose, publication and other forms of release and use.
To advise on the needs for statistics about transport and travel, and on matters such as their collection and cost, development, meaning, quality and fitness for purpose, publication and other forms of release and use.
The Committee will establish working groups, and liaise with other interested parties, where appropriate. It will operate within the ScotStat structure - for example: responding to issues raised by the ScotStat Board; reporting to the Board on its activities; and working with other ScotStat Committees, when appropriate.
Membership details of the ScotStat Transport and Travel Committee as at 6 April 2017.
NB: (PI) and (A) identify those who are members of the Progress Indicators and Accessibility sub-groups
Chair: Richard Morrison (PI) (A)
Transport Statistician, Transport Scotland (TS)
Secretary: Jeanine Bezuijen
Transport Statistics branch, Transport Scotland (TS)
Network Operator, Transport Scotland
David Connolly (A)
SUSTRANS - the sustainable transport charity
Road Haulage Association
Head of Strategic Transport Planning, Transport Scotland
Derek Halden (PI, A)
Derek Halden Consultancy
Tom Hart (PI)
Scottish Transport Studies Group
Amanda Horn (PI, A)
Strathclyde Partnership for Transport
Transport Policy, SG
Robert Raeside (A)
Transport Research Institute, Napier University
Scottish Parliament Information Centre
Director Government Relations, Confederation for Passenger Transport
Freight Transport Association
SESTRAN representing SCOTS
Neil Sturrock (A)
SPT - Strathclyde Partnership for Transport
Environment Statistics, SG
Department for Transport
Transport Research, Transport Scotland (TS)
Recipients of papers:
Office of Rail and Road
Transport Statistics Branch, Transport Scotland (TS)
HITRANS Highland and Islands Strategic Transport Partnership
NESTRANS - North East Scotland Transport Partnership
Head of Transport Analytical Services Team, Transport Scotland (TS)
Meeting documentation for the ScotStat Transport and Travel Committee including agenda, minutes and papers.
The group was established because there was a need for general liaison on road accident statistics for Scotland, covering both the "STAT 19" system and other statistical matters on road accidents. It meets periodically to discuss such statistical matters.
Background to the formation of the group
The notes in this section are based upon the points made in the first section of a paper entitled "Need for Liaison and Current Issues", which was prepared for the first meeting of the group, which was held on 27 June 1989. They have been updated several times since with the latest revision in May 2012.
The group was established because there was a need for general liaison on road accident statistics for Scotland, covering both the "STATS19" system and other statistical matters on road accidents. It was to meet periodically to discuss such statistical matters.
The group was set up to discuss any problems with the "STATS19" system. One particular aim was to ensure that the information for Scotland flows smoothly to the main databases - within The Scottish Government, the Transport Scotland Statistics branch's statistical database (covering all injury road accidents) and the Road Network Management and Maintenance Division's SERIS database (covering trunk road accidents); and the GB-wide injury road accidents database held by what is now the Department for Transport (DfT). The group could also consider aspects of police or local authority sources if that were required.
In addition to discussing the "STATS19" system, it was hoped that the group would comment on improving other sources of information on road accidents, and provide feedback on the statistics published by The Scottish Government / Transport Scotland in "Reported Road Casualties Scotland" and its Statistical Bulletins.
Objectives of Group
The main objectives specified for the group are as follows:
To improve data quality
To liaise on current STATS19 system.
To examine any changes proposed by GB on STATS19 system.
Consider any problems affecting the smooth updating of existing computer databases.
Review use of current published statistics on road accidents in Scotland.
Consider topical issues/problems with the data as they arise
As the Scottish Government statistician dealing with Road Accident statistics is also the statistician for transport statistics in Scotland, it was also stated that other transport statistics matters could be raised and discussed if there were sufficient general interest.
The group will report relevant issues to DfT and a representative from DfT will attend meetings. The group will also be represented on the Standing Committee for Road Accident Statistics (SCRAS).
From the Police Forces and Councils which send the data to Transport Scotland
NB: if some/all of the computing work is done for one of these bodies by another organisation, it is expected that the body which is represented on LGRAS will keep the other organisation informed.
Inspector Brian Poole (Road Policing Management support)
Sergeant Stevie White (Police Scotland)
Mr Steven Sellars (Fife Council)
Beverley Harkins (Fife Council)
Sally McKenzie (Police Scotland)
Eliana Clark (Police Scotland)
Tina MacLucas (Police Scotland)
Mark Hollinsworth (Police Scotland)
Michael McDonald(Police Scotland, Dumfries & Galloway)
Administrative statistics about Transport in Scotland are produced by a wide range of organisations, including the Scottish Government, Transport Scotland, the Department for Transport (DfT), the Civil Aviation Authority, the Office of Rail Regulation, and many other bodies.
Views of transport users and details of personal travel are collected through survey data, for example the transport questions and travel diary in the Scottish Government's Scottish Household Survey (SHS).
Users of data
They are used by a wide range of interested parties, such as:
The Scottish Parliament and the Scottish Government (including Transport Scotland)
Regional Transport Partnerships
Other public sector bodies (e.g. Scottish Enterprise and HIE, Cycling Scotland)
Transport companies and their representative organisations
Students, academics and other researchers
Other bodies with an interest in transport matters, such as the Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport, the Scottish Transport Studies Group, SUSTRANS, the Institute of Road Safety Officers, the Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents and other bodies concerned with road safety
Politicians and members of the public.
Uses of published statistics
Transport statistics are used for a wide range of purposes including:
Informing the general public's choices, e.g. lifestyle choices around road safety
Government decision making through policy making and policy monitoring
Informing public marketing campaigns e.g. road safety
Supporting third sector activity e.g. lobbying and funding applications
Facilitating academic research.
Transport Analytical Services produce two publications in hard copy and on the website:
Scottish Transport Statistics (STS) is used by many as a publication providing comprehensive figures and trends across the breadth of transport topics and using data from a wide range of data sources. For some users this publication provides the main source of transport data and everything they require. For others with an interest in specific areas of transport it provides contextual information for their work e.g. historical trends, road lengths, vehicle registrations or data on other types of transport for comparison purposes. For example Police Scotland use car registrations and road length to put their own data into context.
Reported Road Casualties Scotland (RRCS) is the key source of data for those working in road safety. Data is used to inform road safety campaigns e.g. on speeding or drink driving. There are also regular casualty reduction targets which have been set by the Scottish Government that require to be monitored. It is also used by Police Scotland to check for problems in their areas and respond accordingly e.g. to focus on young drivers. HM Inspectorate of Constabulary use the data to identify questions for the forces. Costs data that is published is used to estimate the savings from preventing accidents due to policy intervention or road design e.g. by the police or by transport planners. The figures and data are also used by Transport Scotland's Accident Investigation and Prevention Unit.
Other publications are produced in a web only format, including a .pdf file to enable users to print a document where required. Transport and Travel in Scotland (TATIS) and Key Reported Road Casualties provide advance headline figures from the main publications earlier in the year.
Bus & Coach statistics used to be published as a separate publication but has now been combined with Scottish Transport Statistics. The data is obtained from the Scottish Household Survey and the Department for Transport. It is used in Transport Scotland to inform policy, funding (including concessionary fares and the Bus Service Operators Grant) and local initiatives and is also used by operators, their representative organisations and Regional Transport Partnerships to promote and improve bus travel across Scotland e.g. looking at fare indices and passenger numbers / distance travelled.
Up until recently there were two other publications which were based on survey data, looked at personal travel and provided more detail behind the figures published in STS. These were the SHS travel diary publication and Household Trends which published the results of the travel questions in the SHS.These have now been combined with TATIS.A National Travel Survey - Scotland Results publication which published the Scottish results from the National Travel Survey has now been discontinued as DfT no longer collect data for Scotland. The Scottish Household Survey data provides insight into travel behaviour which can then be used to assess the impact of interventions (policy or schemes) on particular demographic groups. This information is used by Transport Scotland, transport consultants and those working in particular sectors to look at actual and potential modal shift, for example moves to active travel. A review of the SHS was carried out in Summer 2010 and a summary of responses is published here.
Accessing Transport Statistics
The range of users of transport statistics is broad and user needs vary. Consultation with users and discussion at user group meetings has identified a number of issues relating to the use of statistics, some of which are listed below:
Accessibility (Publication / Data source vs Topic): Some users access transport statistics from particular publications, others have a focus on a particular topic e.g. road casualties. The structure of publications and the website attempts to cater for both routes into the figures. Changes have been made to publications in recent years to improve accessibility and reduce duplication. Positive feedback has been received from users on the progress made and further changes will be made in consultation with users.
Web vs Hard Copy publications: Many users are happy with a web publication, others prefer a hard copy. For the two larger publications, STS and RRCS, a hard copy is produced. For all publications a .pdf is provided on the website to enable users to print a copy if required. The size of this file is kept as small as possible to enable users with slower internet connections to access the file.
Currency of data: Some users have identified issues around time lags between period end and availability of data. Whether using administrative or survey data, there is a necessary time lag between the period end, the receipt of data and the completion of quality checking. We seek to minimise this time whilst maintaining a balance with data quality in order to meet user needs. The publication timetable is consulted on regularly and changes have been made in recent years to improve data availability e.g. through the publication of headline figures earlier in the year with the detail following later and from 2011 onwards the publication of Reported Road Casualties was brought forward from November to October at the request of users. The move to web publications will also enable more frequent and / or faster updates to data series.
Commentary vs data: Some users require commentary and explanation of trends, patterns etc. Other users are familiar with the data and are less interested in the commentary. Publications attempt to strike a balance and the move to web publications should require fewer resources and enable more analysis of the data to be carried out. For example RRCS 2009 includes an article comparing the statistics published with numbers from other similar data sources.
Other issues are identified in minutes of user group meetings (see below).
Engaging with Users
Transport statistics have 2 main user groups, (Transport & Travel Statistics Advisory Committee (TTSAC) and Liaison Group on Road Accident Statistics (LGRAS), which meet on an annual basis. The memberships were originally derived from the ScotStat register but have evolved over time. The remit, membership, papers and minutes from previous meetings can be found on our website.
The minutes reflect discussions on the publication format, content and timing of publications.
In addition to the annual meetings, users are regularly contacted by email to inform them of publications dates and consult on statistical plans and any relevant issues.
Transport Statistics also engages with users and providers of its statistics in other ways - for example:
Meetings with some of the main individual suppliers and users of the data
Events like the annual Scottish seminar organised jointly by the Transport Statistics Users' Group and Napier University Transport Research Institute, and the Scottish Household Survey User Day
Consultative e-mails sent to the ScotStat Transport and/or the TRi/TSUG e-mail lists
Occasional surveys of users of its outputs, through questionnaires included in the publications and made available on the website.
The Transport Statistics team do not currently have any formal live consultations. However, we always welcome feedback from users on our publications. Please feel free to contact us with any comments or questions by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org
To inform a programme of work to improve how Transport Scotland communicates our analysis we carried out a survey of users. As well as asking questions about all our statistical publications the survey also asked for feedback on our social and economic research publications. A total of 97 people responded to the survey.
For the 2013 Scottish Transport Statistics publication we introduced a number of changes to existing chapters and included some new chapters. Following these changes we conducted an online survey with users to get their feedback.
In 2012, the Transport Statistics branch undertook a consultation exercise to gather feedback on their current Transport Scotland statistical publications, dissemination methods and outputs in order to make improvements to these which would better meet the needs of their users. The results of the survey were based on 46 users completing it.
Previously published statistics
National Travel Survey: Scottish Results - All editions
Scottish Household Survey: Travel Diary Results 2009/10 Publication; Datasets Published November 2011
Scottish Household Survey: Travel Diary Results 2009 Publication; Datasets Published November 2010
Scottish Household Survey: Travel Diary Results 2007/2008 Publication; Datasets Note figures in the Travel Diary bulletin do not exactly match the bulletin as figures were revised slightly post-publication. No trends were affected. Published September 2009
Scottish Household Survey: Travel Diary Results 2005/2006 Publication; Datasets Published April 2008
Scottish Household Survey: Travel Diary Results 2004 Publication; Datasets Published March 2006
Scottish Household Survey: Travel Diary Results 2003 Publication; Datasets Published March 2005
From 2013 onwards the bus and coach statistics publication has been discontinued. This was carried out to streamline the transport related statistics publications. The information can now be found in the annual compendium publication, Scottish Transport Statistics
Bus and coach data that provides an understanding of travel trends and behaviours.
Published February 2012 01-03-2012: Errors found in Table 24 (Concessionary fare passes issued) – now corrected. 09-03-2012: Errors found in Tables 15 and 16 (passenger journeys and Vehicle Kilometres by region) – now corrected. For more information on these errors please read the Regional revision to Bus and Coach Statistics 2010-11 (pdf, 10KB)
Bus and Coach Statistics 2009-2010 Publication; Datasets Note: Table 8 concessionary fares was revised in July 2011 Published April 2011
Bus and Coach Statistics 1999-2000 Publication Published March 2001
Bus and Coach Statistics 1998-1999 Publication Published May 2000
Bus and Coach Statistics 1997-1998 Publication Published March 1999
Bus and Coach Statistics 1996-1997 Publication Published April 1998
Transport trends during COVID-19 outbreak
Transport Scotland has been monitoring transport trends during the COVID-19 outbreak. This information provides a snapshot of travel across main modes. We use this information to inform Scottish Government policy in relation to both resilience and response. This information cannot be used to determine compliance with government guidance relating to non-essential travel in isolation. Police Scotland hold information in relation to penalty notices issued under emergency legislation.
These figures are prepared by Transport Scotland statisticians and compare actual journeys against our estimations of typical travel patterns. Figures are derived from a range of sources, including the Department for Transport National Travel Survey, data published in Scottish Transport Statistics, and data collected across the transport networks from a range of partners.
The supplementary information note provides further information on the coverage, data sources, data quality and methodology of the indicators reported on in the Transport Trend data, as well as links to further information about the data sources.